Advertisement

African Development Strategies: Whither NEPAD?

  • Rotimi Ajayi
  • Segun Oshewolo
Chapter
  • 11 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Handbooks in IPE book series (PHIPE)

Abstract

Africa’s post-colonial era is regrettably a picture of diverse economic disabilities. These problems are attributable to a number of factors. Very prominent among them are the marginalization of the continent in the global economic system, the regime of political mis-governance and lack of state capacity. These issues have impacted negatively on the quality of life and made Africa the most backward in the world. The continent’s experimentation with Structural Adjustment Programmes and other development initiatives has failed to effectively address the problems. Hence, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), another major initiative aimed at facilitating a continental strategic development capacity. The modus operandi for NEPAD includes the domestication of efforts in promoting Africa’s transformation rather than exclusively relying on foreign aid and the deepening of regional integration as a necessity for achieving inclusive growth and development. By institutional design, NEPAD seeks to eradicate poverty, promote sustainable growth and development, increase Africa’s integration into the world economy and empower women through building partnerships at country, regional and global levels. While the prosecution of these agenda has led to the formulation of a number of continental policy frameworks, Africa is yet to be effectively placed on the path of sustainable development almost twenty years after its establishment. The major issue has been the lack of a coherent regional mechanism for benchmarking and enforcing performance across the continent, particularly in the critical areas of agriculture and infrastructure. As demonstrated in this work, if the fundamental objectives of NEPAD are to be effectively realized, these drawbacks need to be addressed.

References

  1. Adesina, J.O. 2004. NEPAD and the Challenge of Africa’s Development: Towards the Political Economy of a Discourse. Society in Transition 35 (1): 125–144.Google Scholar
  2. Adesina, J.O., Y. Graham, and A. Olukoshi, eds. 2005. Africa and Development Challenges in the New Millennium: The NEPAD Debate. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  3. African Forum and Network on Debt and Development (AFRODAD). 2005. The Politics of the MDGs and Nigeria. A Critical Appraisal of the Global Partnership for Development (Goal 8). Harare: AFRODAD.Google Scholar
  4. African Union Commission/Economic Commission for Africa. 2011. Governing Development in Africa: The Role of the State in Economic Transformation. Addis Ababa: AU.Google Scholar
  5. Agbu, O. 2005. NEPAD: Origin, Challenges and Prospects. The Indian Journal of Political Science 64 (1–2): 97–115.Google Scholar
  6. Ajayi, R., and S. Oshewolo. 2013. Historicizing the African Development Crisis. In Alternative Development Strategies for Africa. A Festschrift for Gabriel Olatunde Babawale, ed. A.O. Odukoya, 1–26. Lagos: Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization.Google Scholar
  7. Alemazung, J.A. 2010. Post-Colonial Colonialism: An Analysis of International Factors and Actors Marring African Socio-Economic and Political Development. The Journal of Pan African Studies 3 (10): 62–84.Google Scholar
  8. Bardhan, P. 2004. The Impact of Globalization on the Poor. Policy Paper No. 003, July. London, United Kingdom: Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD).Google Scholar
  9. Bavister-Gould, A. 2011. Predatory Leaderships, Predatory Rule and Predatory States. Concept Brief 01, September. Birmingham, United Kingdom: Developmental Leadership Program (DLP).Google Scholar
  10. Bayart, J.F. 1993. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  11. Binswanger-Mkhize, H.P. 2009. Challenges and Opportunities for African Agriculture and Food Security: High Food Prices, Climate Change, Population Growth and HIV and AIDS. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Expert Meeting on How to Feed the World in 2050, June 24–26, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  12. Biswas, A. 2004. NEPAD: Forum for Growth and Unity. Economic and Political Weekly 39 (8): 793–796.Google Scholar
  13. Boaduo, N.A. 2008. Africa’s Political, Industrial and Economic Development Dilemma in the Contemporary Era of the African Union. The Journal of Pan African Studies 2 (4): 93–106.Google Scholar
  14. Bujra, A. 2004. Pan-African Political and Economic Visions of Development from the OAU to the AU: From Lagos Plan of Action to the New Partnership for African Development. Occasional Paper No. 13. Addis Ababa: Development Policy Management Forum (DPMF).Google Scholar
  15. Ekeh, P.P. 1975. Colonialism and the Two Publics in Africa: A Theoretical Statement. Comparative Studies in Society and History 17 (1): 91–112.Google Scholar
  16. Fashagba, J., and S. Oshewolo. 2014. Peace and Governance in Africa. Covenant University Journal of Political and International Affairs 2 (2): 45–57.Google Scholar
  17. Federici, S. 2001. The Debt Crisis, Africa and the New Enclosures. http://www.midnightnotes.org/pdfneweng2.pdf. Accessed 25 Feb 2015.
  18. Fritz, V., and A.R. Menocal. 2006. (Re) building Developmental States: From Theory to Practice. Working Paper 274. London: Overseas Development Institute.Google Scholar
  19. Funke, N., and S.M. Nsouli. 2003. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD): Opportunities and Challenges. International Monetary Fund (IMF) Working Paper WP/03/69. Washington D.C, United States: IMFGoogle Scholar
  20. Garuba, D. 2008. Country Profile: Nigeria and its Regional Context Annex Foreign Policy. Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) International Yearbook 2008. Barcelona: CIDOB.Google Scholar
  21. Gisselquist, R.M. 2012. Good Governance as a Concept, and Why This Matters for Development Policy. United Nations University (UNU) – World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) Working Paper No. 2012/30. Tokyo, Japan: UNU-WIDER.Google Scholar
  22. Hope, K.R. 2002. From Crisis to Renewal: Towards a Successful Implementation of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. African Affairs 101: 387–402.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 2006. Prospects and Challenges for the New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Addressing Capacity Deficits. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 24 (2): 203–228.Google Scholar
  24. Jackson, R.H., and C.G. Rosberg. 1982. Why Africa’s Weak States Persist: The Empirical and the Juridical in Statehood. World Politics 35 (1): 1–24.Google Scholar
  25. Kanbur, R. 2001. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD): An Initial Commentary. http://www.arts.cornell.edu/poverty/kanbur/povnepad.pdf. Accessed 25 Feb 2015
  26. Mayaki, I.A. 2014. Agenda 2063 – Pathway to Africa We Want. Strengthening International Support for NEPAD Implementation. Address to the 69th UN General Assembly, October 17. New York, United States: UN.Google Scholar
  27. McCord, G., J.D. Sachs, and W.T. Woo. 2005. Understanding African Poverty: Beyond the Washington Consensus to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Approach. Paper Presented at the conference on Africa in the Global Economy: External Constraints, Regional Integration, and the Role of the State in Development and Finance, Forum on Debt and Development (FONDAD), held at the South African Reserve Bank, Pretoria, June 13–14.Google Scholar
  28. Melber, H. 2002. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) – Scope and Perspectives. Discussion Paper 16. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.Google Scholar
  29. Mkandawire, R. 2009. A Review of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP): A Focus on Achievements. Pretoria: CAADP.Google Scholar
  30. Moghalu, K.C. 2013. Emerging Africa: How the Global Economy’s ‘Last Frontier’ Can Prosper and Matter. Ibadan: Bookcraft.Google Scholar
  31. NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency/The Economic Commission for Africa/The Office of the Special Advisor on Africa. 2012. Africa’s Decade of Change: Reflections on 10 Years of NEPAD. Addis Ababa: NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency.Google Scholar
  32. Novo, F.G. 2012. Moral Drought: The Ethics of Water Use. Water Policy 14: 65–72.Google Scholar
  33. Nwozor, A. 2013. Africa’s Development Curtain and Afro-Asian Relations. In Alternative Development Strategies for Africa. A Festschrift for Gabriel Olatunde Babawale, ed. A.O. Odukoya, 275–299. Lagos: Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization.Google Scholar
  34. Obianyo, N.E. 2009. Restructuring the State in Africa: Good Governance, Market Reform and Virtual Governance – The Nigerian Experience. Nigerian Journal of International Affairs 35 (1): 9–40.Google Scholar
  35. Ogbinaka, K. 2006. NEPAD: Continuing the Disconnections in Africa? The Journal of Pan African Studies 1 (6): 4–27.Google Scholar
  36. Olukoshi, A. 2002. Governing the African Political Space for Sustainable Development: A Reflection on NEPAD. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the African Forum for Envisioning Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, April 26–29.Google Scholar
  37. Organization of African Unity. n.d. Lagos Plan of Action for the Economic Development of Africa, 1980–2000. Addis Ababa: OAU.Google Scholar
  38. Osaghae, E.E. 2003. Colonialism and Civil Society in Africa: The Perspective of Ekeh’s Two Publics. Paper Presented at the Symposium on Canonical Works and Continuing Innovation in African Arts and Humanities, Accra, Ghana, September 17–19.Google Scholar
  39. Oshewolo, S. 2011. Miseries and Fortunes: The Interface between Globalization and Poverty. Afro Asian Journal of Social Sciences 2 (2): 1–23.Google Scholar
  40. ———. 2019a. Rhetoric and Praxis: Nigeria’s Africa Diplomacy and the Shaping of the African Union. The Round Table 108 (1): 49–65.Google Scholar
  41. ———. 2019b. Bringing back the Issues: Nigeria’s Afrocentric Policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 57 (3): 324–342.Google Scholar
  42. Oshewolo, S., and J. Bamiduro. 2014. Debt Crisis, Structural Reforms and Debt Relief. In Understanding Government and Politics in Nigeria, ed. Rotimi Ajayi and Joseph Fashagba, 301–315. Omu-Aran: Department of Political Science and International Relations, Landmark University.Google Scholar
  43. Oshewolo, S., and B. Durowaiye. 2013. Deciphering the Phenomenon of Elite Corruption in Africa. International Journal of Politics and Good Governance 4 (4.4): 1–17.Google Scholar
  44. Oshewolo, S., and R.M. Oniemola. 2011. The Financing Gap, Civil Society and Service Delivery in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 13 (2): 254–268.Google Scholar
  45. Pokhariyal, G.P. 2007. Development Strategies for sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal on World Peace 24 (1): 83–102.Google Scholar
  46. Rampel, R. 2008. Periodizing African Development History. African Economic History 38: 125–158.Google Scholar
  47. Ray, S.N. 2006. Modern Comparative Politics: Approaches, Methods and Issues. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.Google Scholar
  48. Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM) – Africa. 2007. Challenges and Prospects in the Implementation of NEPAD. New York: UN RCM-Africa.Google Scholar
  49. Seventh African Governance Forum. 2007. Building the Capable State in Africa. Nigeria Country Report. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Seventh African Governance Forum.Google Scholar
  50. Soludo, C.C. 2003. Debt, Poverty, and Inequality: Toward an Exit Strategy for Nigeria and Africa. In The Debt Trap in Nigeria: Towards a Sustainable Debt Strategy, ed. Ngozi O. Iweala, Charles C. Soludo, and M. Muhtar, 23–74. Trenton: Africa World Press Inc.Google Scholar
  51. Stein, H. 2000. Economic Development and the Anatomy of Crisis in Africa: From Colonialism through Structural Adjustment. Copenhagen: Centre of African Studies, University of Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  52. Tandon, Y. 2002. NEPAD and FDIs: Symmetries and Contradictions. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the African Forum for Envisioning Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, April 26–29.Google Scholar
  53. Tawfik, R.M. 2008. NEPAD and African Development: Towards a New Partnership Between Development Actors in Africa. African Journal of International Affairs 11 (1): 55–70.Google Scholar
  54. United Nations Children’s Fund Asian Development Bank (UNICEF-ADB). 2010. The Role of Non-State Providers in Delivering Basic Social Services for Children. Metro Manila: Asian Development Bank Headquarters.Google Scholar
  55. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. 2012. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Performance, Challenges and the Role of UNCTAD. Fifty-fifth Executive Session of the Trade and Development Board, Geneva, Switzerland, July 2–5.Google Scholar
  56. Yaqub, N. 2013. Governance, Democracy and Development in Africa. In Alternative Development Strategies for Africa. A Festschrift for Gabriel Olatunde Babawale, ed. A.O. Odukoya, 49–72. Lagos: Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rotimi Ajayi
    • 1
  • Segun Oshewolo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceFederal University of LokojaLokojaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Political Science and International RelationsLandmark UniversityOmu-AranNigeria

Personalised recommendations