Advertisement

Technological Innovation and Structural Change

  • Boris VerbruggeEmail author
Chapter
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter presents an exploratory analysis of different stages in the gold production cycle, notably exploration, mining, processing, and refining. It analyzes key technological changes, as well as changes in the constellation of actors involved in each of these stages. This exploratory analysis reveals that gold production is accessible to smaller and less powerful players, including small miners, traders, and refiners. It also reveals linkages that connect these actors to one another, and to larger mining companies and refineries. In many cases, these linkages span across the formal-informal divide. Finally, it draws attention to how both the accessibility of gold production and the linkages between the various actors involved in it are facilitated by the material properties of gold.

Keywords

Gold Mineral exploration Mining Mineral processing Gold trade 

References

  1. Albanese, T., & McGagh, J. (2011). SME mining engineering handbook (P. Darling, Ed.) (pp. 21–36). Englewood: SME.Google Scholar
  2. Bloomfield, M. J. (2017). Global production networks and activism: Can activists change mining practices by targeting brands? New Political Economy, 22(6), 727–742.Google Scholar
  3. Bury, J. (2004). Livelihoods in transition: Transnational gold mining operations and local change in Cajamarca, Peru. Geographical Journal, 170(1), 78–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carstens, J., & Hilson, G. (2009). Mining, grievance and conflict in rural Tanzania. International Development Planning Review, 31(3), 301–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Darling, P. (2011). Mining: Ancient, modern, and beyond. In P. Darling (Ed.), SME mining engineering handbook (pp. 3–10). Englewood: SME.Google Scholar
  6. Dougherty, M. L. (2013). The global gold mining industry: Materiality, rent-seeking, junior firms and Canadian corporate citizenship. Competition & Change, 17(4), 339–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dougherty, M. L. (2015). By the gun or by the bribe: Firm size, environmental governance and corruption among mining companies in Guatemala (U4 Issue Paper 2015:17). Chr. Michelsen Institute.Google Scholar
  8. Dougherty, M. L. (2016). Scarcity and control: The new extraction and Canada’s mineral resource protection network. In K. Deonandan & M. L. Dougherty (Eds.), Mining in Latin America: Critical approaches to the new extraction (pp. 83–99). Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Els, F. (2018). The world’s top 10 largest gold mining companies—2017. Retrieved 12 September 2018 from http://www.mining.com/worlds-top-10-largest-gold-mining-companies-2017/.
  10. Ericsson, M. (2012). Mining industry corporate actors analysis (Polinares Working Paper 16). Retrieved 16 May 2019 from http://www.eisourcebook.org/cms/Mining%20industry%20corporate%20actors%20analysis.pdf.
  11. Esdaile, L. J., & Chalker, J. M. (2018). The mercury problem in artisanal and small‐scale gold mining. Chemistry–A European Journal, 24(27), 6905–6916.Google Scholar
  12. Ferry, E. (2016). Gold prices as material-social actors: The case of the London Gold Fix. The Extractive Industries and Society, 3(1), 82–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Humphreys, D. (2015). The remaking of the mining industry. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Laha, S. (2014). Informality in e-waste processing: An analysis of the Indian experience. Competition & Change, 18(4), 309–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lepawsky, J. (2015). The changing geography of global trade in electronic discards: Time to rethink the e-waste problem. The Geographical Journal, 181(2), 147–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Luning, S. (2014). The future of artisanal miners from a large-scale perspective: From valued pathfinders to disposable illegals? Futures, 62, 67–74.Google Scholar
  17. Mabhena, C. (2012). Mining with a ‘Vuvuzela’: Reconfiguring artisanal mining in Southern Zimbabwe and its implications to rural livelihoods. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 30(2), 219–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Majury, N. (2014). ‘Trusting the numbers’: Mineral prospecting, raising finance and the governance of knowledge. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 39(4), 545–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mooiman, M. B., Sole, K. C., & Dinham, N. (2016). The precious metals industry: Global challenges, responses, and prospects. In R. M. Izatt (Ed.), Metal sustainability: Global challenges, consequences, and prospects (pp. 109–132). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
  20. Mwaipopo, R., Mutagwaba, W., Nyange, D., & Fisher, E. (2004). Increasing the contribution of artisanal and small-scale mining to poverty reduction in Tanzania. London: Department for International Development (DFID).Google Scholar
  21. Nelson, M. G. (2011). Evaluation of mining methods and systems. In P. Darling (Ed.), SME mining engineering handbook (pp. 341–348). Englewood: SME.Google Scholar
  22. Ng’Wanakilala, F. (2019). Chinese firms to build gold smelter, refineries in Tanzania. Retrieved 21 November 2019 from https://www.reuters.com/article/tanzania-gold/chinese-firms-to-build-gold-smelter-refineries-in-tanzania-idUSL4N24P3W2.
  23. Patel, K., Rogan, J., Cuba, N., & Bebbington, A. (2016). Evaluating conflict surrounding mineral extraction in Ghana: Assessing the spatial interactions of large and small-scale mining. Extractive Industries and Society, 3(2), 450–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pieth, M. (2019). Gold laundering: The dirty secrets of the gold trade. Zürich: Salis Verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Randolph, M. (2011). Current trends in mining. In P. Darling (Ed.), SME mining engineering handbook (pp. 11–20). Englewood: SME.Google Scholar
  26. Reuters, T. (2018). GFMS Gold Survey 2018. London: Thomson Reuters.Google Scholar
  27. S&P Global. (2019). World exploration trends 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2019 from https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/documents/world-exploration-trends-march-2019.pdf.
  28. Schoenberger, E. (2014). Nature, choice and social power. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Torchia, A. (2014). Gold industry shifts east as Dubai plans huge refinery, spot contract. Retrieved 12 September 2019 from https://www.reuters.com/article/emirates-dubai-gold/gold-industry-shifts-east-as-dubai-plans-huge-refinery-spot-contract-idUSL6N0NP03R20140505.
  30. Verbrugge, B. (2014). Capital interests: A historical analysis of the transformation of small-scale gold mining in Compostela Valley province, Southern Philippines. The Extractive Industries and Society, 1(1), 86–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. World Gold Council. (2018a). Gold 2048: The next 30 years for gold. Retrieved 15 June 2018 from https://www.gold.org/research/gold-2048.
  32. World Gold Council. (2018b). Gold market primer—Gold recycling. Retrieved 13 September 2018 from https://www.gold.org/goldhub/research/market-primer/recycling.
  33. Young, S. B. (2018). Responsible sourcing of metals: Certification approaches for conflict minerals and conflict-free metals. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 23(7), 1429–1447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IOBUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.HIVAKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations