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Introduction

  • Endao Han
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

In our daily lives, most materials we see are in one of the three states of matter: solid, liquid, or gas. When a material in one state is broken up into small particles and mixed with material in another state, rich and interesting phenomena can happen. For example, the air is so “soft” that most of the time one can hardly feel its existence. However, when many air bubbles are distributed in water, the foam that forms develops a rigidity that can hold its shape against gravity. Another famous example of such mixtures is a suspension of hard cornstarch particles in water, which is sometimes referred to as the “Oobleck” in Dr. Seuss’ stories. One striking behavior of this solid-liquid mixture is that it flows like a viscous fluid under normal conditions, but solidifies under a sudden impact. The transition is so dramatic that people can jog or jump on the surface of such mixtures. When they stop moving, the material can no longer support their weight, and they slowly sink in. This reversible, dynamic fluid-solid transition is the main focus of this thesis.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Endao Han
    • 1
  1. 1.Joseph Henry Laboratories of PhysicsPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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