• David BlockleyEmail author


Why are patterns so important in human communication? How influential is the distinction between the syntax or structure of patterns and their semantics? Our understanding of patterns of electromagnetic energy began with Michael Faraday. He was a key figure in the development of the electrical machines and his influence led to the work of James Clerk Maxwell and the subsequent development of the telephone, wireless radio and modern telecommunications equipment. Crucial inventions were the ‘valve’, the transistor and the integrated circuit. The latter is present in all modern electronic equipment such as mobile/cell phones and computers and it is there we find the patterns of electromagnetic energy. How do digital electronics and computers work with those patterns? Should we be excited or worried about the ever-increasing power of the patterns of artificial intelligence and ‘big data’?


Pattern recognition Jacquard’s weaving loom Signalling Michael Faraday Telegraph Electromagnetism AC and DC James Clerk Maxwell William Thompson Thomas Edison Guglielmo Marconi Radio Telecommunications Spark gap transmitter Computers Valves Micro-electronics Transistor Integrated circuit Patterns of electromagnetic energy Layers or levels of working Semantics and pragmatics Big data Artificial intelligence Artificial neural nets Women in AI 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BristolBristolUK

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