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Microplastics: An Emerging Threat to the Aquatic Ecosystem

  • Arti Srivastava
  • Ashutosh SrivastavaEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 44)

Abstract

Plastic pollution in the aquatic ecosystem has been a growing environmental problem worldwide where it has pervaded everywhere even in the most remote areas. Plastic particles (smaller than 5 mm; microplastics) have been accumulated at higher level (i.e., 100,000 particles per m3) in the environment. They are transferring from low trophic fauna to higher level organisms via food chain resulting in adverse consequences for the health of aquatic biota. Various countries have implemented different policies to overwhelm the effect of plastic contamination. However in some countries, it needs to be effectively implemented. Present chapter focuses on various aspects related with the microplastics. Some main points that have been discussed in this chapter are (1) types of microplastics, major sources, and the way of transportation through which they are reaching into the aquatic ecosystem; (2) occurrence of microplastics in water bodies and sediments; (3) ingestion and the adverse impact caused by microplastics in the marine organisms; and (4) different policies executed by various countries to overwhelm its effects. This chapter has given an overview on different facets of microplastics that might help in the future research and proper management of microplastics.

Keywords

Microplastics Aquatic ecosystem Plastic litters Polymers Bioaccumulation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Amity Institute of Biotechnology and Amity Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, for providing the research and laboratory facilities. We did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Marine Science and TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

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