Analysis of Active Suspension Performance Improvement Based on Introducing Front/Rear LQ Control Coupling

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The paper investigates the potential of improving vehicle ride comfort based on introducing control design coupling between front- and rear-axle active suspensions. The considered linear quadratic regulator (LQR) cost function includes conflicting criteria related to ride comfort, vehicle handling, and suspension stroke. A covariance analysis related to standard deviations of cost function criteria with respect to stochastic road profile input is carried out for half-car models with two and four degrees of freedom. The presented results show that the control-design coupling can considerably improve the ride comfort in terms of reduced sprung mass pitch or heave acceleration with a relatively small sacrifice of vehicle handling and suspension stroke. The performance improvement is explained by the fact that the rear suspension controller uses state information from the front axle (and vice versa), which may be considered as a kind of preview action.


Active suspension Half-car model Optimal control Control coupling 



It is gratefully acknowledged that this work has been supported by the Ford Motor Company. In addition, the research work of 1st author has been supported by the Croatian Science Foundation through the “Young researchers’ career development project – training of new doctoral students”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Ford Motor CompanyDearbornUSA
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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