Quarter Car Test Rig for Extended Dynamics Research in Laboratory Conditions

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In the research of vehicle dynamics various specialized test rigs are designed for specific elements or systems analysis. Expecting the reliable results all possible uncertainties and side effects should be known in advance. In this paper the analysis of special designed quarter car test rig is presented before its further use in wheel/tire, suspension or its complex research. After explaining the construction, its operation and application an experimental modal analysis and validation of test rig with on-road driving was done in order to find out any uncertainties. Different performance in separate frequency ranges of specific construction locations is identified. This is explained by the influence of unsymmetrical inner frame, suspension side mounting and wheel rotation dynamics. Finally further research possibilities using designed test rig and its options for vehicle components and separate systems including control strategies are presented proving the importance of reliable dynamic tests in laboratory conditions before on-road driving.


Quarter car Test rig Vehicle dynamics Modal analysis 


  1. 1.
    Arati, C., Pooja, S., Vinod, B.Y., Pradip, D.U., Londhe, B.C.: A review of design of shock absorber test rig. Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol. 4(3), 2136–2140 (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Konieczny, L.: Analysis of simplifications applied in vibration damping modelling for a passive car shock absorber. Shock Vibr. 2016, 1–9 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Konieczny, L., Burdzik, R., Folega, P., Wieczorek, A.: Determination of the damping characteristics of hydro pneumatic suspension strut. J. Meas. Eng. 1(3), 155–158 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, D., Lu, Y., Li, L.: Dynamical test and modeling for hydraulic shock absorber on heavy vehicle under harmonic and random loadings. Res. J. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4(13), 1903–1910 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Van der Merwe, N., Schalk, E.P., Žuraulis, V.: ABS braking on rough terrain. J. Terrramech. 80, 49–57 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koch, G., Kloiber, T.: Driving state adaptive control of an active vehicle suspension system. IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol. 22(1), 1–14 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pletschen, N.: Nonlinear H2 control of a low-bandwidth active vehicle suspension system using Takagi-Sugeno methods. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC 2016), Munich, Germany, pp. 663–672 (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heidrich, L., Shyrokau, B., Savitski, D., Ivanov, V., Augsburg, K., Wang, D.: Hardware-in-the-loop test rig for integrated vehicle control systems. In: 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, pp. 683–688. The International Federation of Automatic Control, Tokyo, Japan (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schreiber, V., Savitski, D., Augsburg, K., Ivanov, V., Schyr, Ch.: Advanced braking system control prototyping using networked hardware-in-the-loop technique. In: EuroBrake2016/EB2016-SVM-076, pp. 1–10. The International Federation of Automotive Engineering Societies, TU Automotive 2016, Detroit, Michigan, USA (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shinde, S.D., Jagdale, J.J., Salunkhe, A.A., Shinde, A.V., Koli, S.R.: Shock absorber test set-up. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Dev. 4(3), 690–698 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kothawade, N.S., Halwar, A.D., Chaudhari, A.I., Mahajan, B.R.: Design of shock absorber test rig for measurement and analysis of transmissibility. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol. 3(1), 2827–2832 (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nandurdikar, A.S., Naik, A.R., Pachpore, S.S., Manurkar, P.A., Nalawade, V.S.: Design of shock absorber test rig using mechanical exciter to determine transmissibility and natural frequency. Int. J. Res. Publ. Eng. Technol. 3(3), 108–111 (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reynders, E.: System identification methods for (operational) modal analysis: review and comparison. Arch. Comput. Methods Eng. 19(1), 51–124 (2012)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Žuraulis, V., van der Merwe, N.A., Scholtz, O., Els, P.S.: Modelling and validation of a testing trailer for ABS and tyre interaction on rough terrain. In: 19th International and 14th European-African Regional Conference of the International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems (ISTVS), Budapest, Hungary (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Transport EngineeringVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.Faculty of MechanicsVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

Personalised recommendations