Advertisement

Types of Information

  • Riaan van de VenterEmail author
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of research is to scientifically address everyday world problems or challenges faced in specific situations to advance and inform theory and practice for the purpose of evidence. The common types of data and information used in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy research are discussed in this chapter. The focus is on when and how various information can be used.

Keywords

Data Use of information Literature Quantitative Qualitative Visual methods Strategies 

References

  1. 1.
    DePoy E, Gitlin LN. Introduction to research: understanding and applying multiple strategies. 5th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2016.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Polgar S, Thomas SA. Introduction to research in the health sciences. 6th ed. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier: Edinburgh; 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Onwuegbuzie A, Frels R. 7 steps to a comprehensive literature review: a multimodal and cultural approach. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2016.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kumar R. Research methodology: a step-by-step guide for beginners. 5th ed. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2019.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hofstee E. Constructing a good dissertation: a practical guide to finishing a Masters, MBA or PhD on schedule. Johannesburg: EPE; 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research: appraising evidence for nursing practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2018.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gray JR, Grove SK, Sutherland S. Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence. 8th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2017.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Creswell JW. Research design: quantitative, qualitative & mixed methods approaches. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications Inc.; 2014.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Braun V, Clarke V. Successful qualitative research: a practical guide for beginners. Los Angeles: SAGE; 2013.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mouton J. How to succeed in your master’s and doctoral studies: a South African guide and resource book. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers; 2001.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bless C, Higson-Smith C, Sithole SL. Fundamentals of social research methods: an African perspective. 5th ed. Cape Town: Juta; 2013.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maree K, Pietersen J. The quantitative research process. In: Maree K, editor. First steps in research. 2nd ed. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers; 2016. p. 161–72.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Flick U. Introducing research methodology. 2nd ed. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2015.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gravetter FJ, Wallnau LB. Essentials of statistics for the behavioral sciences. 8th ed. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning; 2014.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gunn C. Radiographic imaging: a practical approach. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2002.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Manning DJ. Evaluation of diagnostic performance in radiography. Radiography. 1998;4:49–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Piper KJ, Patterson A. Initial image interpretation of appendicular skeletal radiographs: a comparison between nurses and radiographers. Radiography. 2009;15:40–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    MedCalc. ROC curve analysis: introduction. https://www.medcalc.org/manual/roc-curves.php. Accessed 20 Apr 2019.
  19. 19.
    McConnell J, Eyres R, Nightingale J. Interpreting trauma radiographs. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing; 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vining DJ, Gladish GW. Receiver operating characteristic curves: a basic understanding. Radiographics. 1992;12:1147–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Obuchowski NA. Receiver operating characteristic curves and their uses in radiology. Radiology. 2003;229:3–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Park SH, Goo JM, Jo C-H. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve: practical review for radiologists. Korean J Radiol. 2004;5(1):11–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Holloway I, Galvin K. Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare. 4th ed. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2017.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lobiondo-Wood G, Haber J. Nursing research: methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. 9th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2018.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gray DE. Doing research in the real world. 4th ed. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2018.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pink S. Visual methods. In: Jupp V, editor. The SAGE dictionary of social research methods. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2011. p. 321–2.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Roos V. The Mmogo-method™: an exploration of experiences through visual projections. https://repository.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/4966. Accessed 15 Apr 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiographyNelson Mandela UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations