Research Writing: Tips and Common Errors
- 15 Downloads
Academic writing should be precise and objective. It should not include jargon, circumlocution, tautology, or clichés. Effective academic writing requires the use of good grammar, a logical structure, precise verb and word choice, and information. Each paragraph has a single theme that is developed in several connecting sentences. Punctuation is important in academic writing. Examples are provided to highlight what is required in academic writing.
KeywordsProposal Grammar Verbs Punctuation Definite article Capitalization Reference system Plagiarism Circumlocution Tautology
- 1.Ramlaul A. Good practice tips and pitfalls to avoid when writing up. In: Ramlaul A, editor. Medical imaging and radiotherapy research: skills and strategies. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2010. p. 265.Google Scholar
- 2.Calvano B. Plagiarism in higher education. 2011 [cited 2019 May 10]. http://www.examiner.com/adult-education-in-pittsburgh/plagiarism-higher-education.
- 3.Truss L. Eats, shoots and leaves. London: Profile Books; 2005.Google Scholar
- 4.Punctuation guidelines [cited 2019 May 10]. http://en.fel.zcu.cz/AE%20III%20Guidelines%20for%20Academic%20Writing/Punctuation/Punctuation%20guidelines.pdf.
- 5.Punctuation. A brief overview [cited 2019 May 8]. https://www.up.ac.za/media/shared/Legacy/169/hwc.zp12816./Punctuations/punctuation.zp12841.pdf.
- 6.Basic punctuation rules [cited 2019 May 8]. https://www.apu.edu/live_data/files/288/basic_punctuation_rules.pdf.
- 7.University of Kent. Grammar, spelling and punctuation [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.kent.ac.uk/learning/resources/.../grammarspellingandpunctuation.pdf.
- 8.Woods G. English grammar for dummies. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Wiley; 2010.Google Scholar
- 9.Vinz S. English mistakes commonly made in a dissertation. 2015 [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.scribbr.com/academic-writing/english-mistakes-commonly-made-in-a-dissertation/.
- 10.Barrass R. Scientists must write. A guide to better writing for scientists, engineers and students. London: E & FN Spon; 2000. p. 31.Google Scholar
- 11.Barrass R. Students must write. A guide to better writing in coursework and examinations. 3rd ed. London: Routledge; 2005.Google Scholar
- 12.Anthropomorphism in academic writing - Enago Academy [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.enago.com/academy/anthropomorphism-in-academic-writing.
- 13.Tenses in writing [cited 2019 May 10]. https://depts.washington.edu/engl/askbetty/tenses.php.
- 14.University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Writing about your research: verb tense [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.unl.edu/gradstudies/connections/writing-about-your-research-verb-tense.
- 15.University of Melbourne. Using tenses in scientific writing [cited 2019 May 10]. https://services.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/471294/Using_tenses_in_scientific_writing_Update_051112.pdf.
- 16.Conrad J. 35 Mistakes e-book [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.writingexplained.org/35-Mistakes-to-Avoid-Wrting.pdf.
- 17.Klems BA. Which vs. that [cited 2019 May 10]. https://www.writersdigest.com/online-editor/which-vs-that.
- 18.Restrictive and non-restrictive elements [cited 2019 May 10]. https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/grammar-rules-and-tips/when-to-use-which-or-that.htm.
- 19.Butterfield J, editor. Fowler’s modern English usage. New York: Oxford University Press; 2015.Google Scholar
- 20.Murray R, Moore S. The handbook of academic writing: a fresh approach. Berkshire: Open University Press; 2006.Google Scholar