Safe Train Route Options
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Constantly increasing anthropogenic pressure on the environment inevitably leads to climate change, which in turn provokes an increase in the number of extreme weather events. Extreme weather conditions can leads to industrial accidents and disasters. This statement is confirmed by statistics on road accidents initiated by natural disasters on the roads of the Russian Federation, the USA and Europe. The transportation of dangerous goods in extreme weather conditions is a dangerous factor to shippers, rail carriers and society. This risk factor cannot be quantified and is not adequately presented in the cost of transportation.
Accident risk factors assessment that consider the impact of various types of natural weather disasters and quantitative assessment of the impact on railway infrastructure, can be a starting point for managing disaster risks and adapting human activities to an ever-changing climate. This article proposes a methodology for assessing the risk of a traffic accident considering the impact of various types of natural disasters. As a result of testing this method, the risk of a dangerous goods traffic accident at two North Caucasus Railway routes, after simulation was selected the safest route. For carriers of dangerous goods, the accident risk assessment method will allow you to choose the safest route for the transportation of goods and, as a result, reduce the chanse of an accident.
KeywordsEmergency risk Emergency situations Railway transport Emergency situations of natural character Freight railway transportation Traffic safety
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