Advertisement

Development of Polymer Composite Facing Material Using Anthropogenic Waste

  • Anastasiya Torlova
  • Irina Vitkalova
  • Evgeniy PikalovEmail author
  • Oleg Selivanov
Conference paper
  • 44 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1116)

Abstract

The research presents the results of the composition development of the raw material mixture for producing construction polymer composite material on the basis of anthropogenic waste of production and consumption. Crushed solid ceramic material is used as a filler, polystyrene waste, previously dissolved in methylene chloride, is used as a binder for producing the developed material. This raw material mixture allows using cold mixing and cold forming, which in turn reduces production energy consumption and eliminates the possibility of polymer binder destruction during processing. To reduce solvent consumption, sealed equipment is used and methylene chloride vapor is removed during heat treatment after product molding at the solvent boiling point for the subsequent condensation and reuse in the production process. The research presents the dependence of the developed material compressive strength and water absorption on the raw mixture composition and pressing pressure. Basing on the identified dependences, polymer composite material was produced, which is characterized by low water absorption, high frost resistance and meets the regulatory requirements for construction materials and products regarding compressive strength and thermal conductivity. The raw mixture developed composition makes it possible to dispose of two types of large-capacity waste and reduce the anthropogenic load on the environment comprehensively, and the produced material on its basis can be used for outdoor cladding of walls in construction.

Keywords

Crushed brick Polymer waste Polystyrene Polymer composite material Facing material Filler Binder Polymer dissolution Methylene chloride 

References

  1. 1.
    Torlova, A.S., Vitkalova, I.A., Pikalov, E.S., Selivanov, O.G.: Recycling of ceramic and polymeric wastes in the production of surfacing composite materials. Ecol. Ind. Russ. 23(7), 36–41 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fomenko, A.I., Kaptyushina, A.G., Gryzlov, V.S.: Raw materials base expanding for building ceramics. Constr. Mater. 12, 25–27 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Murtazaev, S.A.Y., Khadisov, V.K., Khadzhiev, M.R.: The use of crushed ceramic brick for light ceramic concrete production. Ecol. Ind. Russ. 10, 22–25 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vitkalova, I., Torlova, A., Pikalov, E., Selivanov, O.: Energy efficiency improving of construction ceramics, applying polymer waste. In: Murgul, V., Pasetti, M. (eds.) International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 983, pp. 786–794. Springer, Cham (2019)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Perovskaya, K., Petrina, D., Pikalov, E., Selivanov, O.: Polymer waste as a combustible additive for wall ceramics production. In: E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 91, 04007 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20199104007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Snezhkov, V.V., Retchits, G.V.: Polymer waste into finished products. Solid Household Waste 1, 16–19 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hamad, K., Kaseem, M., Deri, F.: Recycling of waste from polymer materials: an overview of the recent works. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 98, 2801–2812 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Solovyeva, E.V., Golovanov, A.V., Slavin, A.M., Orlova, A.M., Popova, M.N.: On the technologies of construction materials production on the basis of processed polymers. Ind. Civ. Eng. 4, 56–57 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kiryushina, N.Y.: On the possibility of using anthropogenic waste for the composite construction materials production. City Manag. Theory Pract. 3(26), 73–78 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sosoi, G., Barbuta, M., Serbanoiu, A.A., Babor, D., Burlacu, A.: Wastes as aggregate substitution in polymer concrete. Procedia Manuf. 22, 347–351 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sormunen, P., Kärki, T.: Recycled construction and demolition waste as a possible source of materials for composite manufacturing. J. Build. Eng. 24, 100742 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hameed, A.M., Hamza, M.T.: Characteristics of polymer concrete produced from wasted construction materials. Energy Procedia 157, 43–50 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shinsky, O.I., Tikhonova, O.A., Stryuchenko, A.A., Doroshenko, V.S.: Expanded polystyrene waste thermal compaction. Solid Household Waste 4(58), 48–50 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Siswosukarto, S., Saputra, A., Kafrain, I.G.Y.: Utilization of polystyrene waste for wall panel to produce green construction materials. Procedia Eng. 171, 664–671 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vitkalova, I., Torlova, A., Pikalov, E., Selivanov, O.: The development of energy efficient facing composite material based on technogenic waste. In: Murgul, V., Pasetti, M. (eds.) International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 983, pp. 778–785. Springer, Cham (2019)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vladimir State University named after A.G. and N.G. StoletovsVladimirRussia

Personalised recommendations