Critical Issues of Public Pension System: The Italian Case
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This chapter addresses the issue of the financial sustainability of public PAYG pension schemes. Criticalities and, in particular, demographic risks affecting those schemes have been analysed. A possible solution to reduce demographic risk impact is presented, that is the introduction of a funded component to balance the PAYG part when the ratio of contributors-pensioners is decreasing. A cost-benefit analysis is presented in order to verify how the sustainability of a public pension scheme improves, given the actual and future demographic trends, and to quantify the cost in terms of public debt. Finally, an application to Italian pension data is performed.
KeywordsPublic pension system Demographic risk Sustainability Funded component
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