Advertisement

Insecta Beetles, Bees, Wasps, Ants

  • Gloria Lin
  • Madeline DeWane
  • Diane Whitaker-WorthEmail author
Chapter
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

The insect class, which includes beetles and hymenoptera (bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets, and ants), is a well-known cause of cutaneous conditions in dermatology. Beetles produce vesiculobullous eruptions of varying severity while multiple members of the order hymenoptera are well- known for their painful sting and bite reactions. A thorough knowledge of lesion morphology and possible sequelae are important for proper management of patients after hazardous insect exposure.

Keywords

Arthropod Insects Beetles Bees Wasps Ants 

References

  1. 1.
    Whitfield JB, Purcell AH. Daly and Doyen’s introduction to insect biology and diversity. 3rd edn. Oxford University Press; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Du C, Zhang L, Lu T, et al. Mitochondrial genomes of blister beetles (Coleoptera, Meloidae) and two large intergenic spacers in Hycleus genera. BMC Genom. 2017;18(1):698.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-4102-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blister beetle|insect. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/animal/blister-beetle. Accessed 12 Oct 2018.
  4. 4.
    Burnett JW, Calton GJ, Morgan RJ. Blister beetles: “Spanish fly”. Cutis. 1987;40(1):22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haddad V, Cardoso JLC, Lupi O, Tyring SK. Tropical dermatology: venomous arthropods and human skin: part I. Insecta. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012;67(3):331.e1–e14.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2012.04.048.
  6. 6.
    Moed L, Shwayder TA, Chang MW. Cantharidin revisited: a blistering defense of an ancient medicine. Arch Dermatol. 2001;137(10):1357–60.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.137.10.1357.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nicholls DSH, Christmas TI, Greig DE. Oedemerid blister beetle dermatosis: a review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1990;22(5, Part 1):815–19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0190-9622(90)70114-w.
  8. 8.
    Lehmann CF, Pipkin JL, Ressmann AC. Blister beetle dermatosis. AMA Arch Derm. 1955;71(1):36–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Swarts WB, Wanamaker JF. Skin blisters caused by vesicant beetles. J Am Med Assoc. 1946;131:594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eldridge BF, Edman J, editors. Medical entomology: a textbook on public health and veterinary problems caused by arthropods. Netherlands: Springer;2000. www.springer.com/us/book/9789401164726. Accessed 12 Oct 2018.
  11. 11.
    Oedemerid beetle|insect. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/animal/oedemerid-beetle. Accessed 12 Oct 2018.
  12. 12.
    Arnett R. The false blister beetles of Florida. Tallahassee: Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service Division of Plant Industry. 1984;259:1–3.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Christmas TI, Nicholls D, Holloway BA, Greig D. Blister beetle dermatosis in New Zealand. N Z Med J. 1987;100(830):515–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Herms WB. Ophthalmomyiasis in man due to Cephalomyia (Oestrus) ovis (Linn.). J Parasitol. 1925;12:54–56.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vaurie P. Blistering caused by oedemerid beetles. Coleopt Bull. 1951;5:78–9.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Szent-Ivany J, Cletand R. Observations on beetles causing vesicular dermatitis to humans in the territory of Papua and New Guinea. Trans Papua New Guinea Sci Soc. 1966;7:1–8.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fleisher TL, Fox I. Oedemerid Beetle Dermatitis. Arch Dermatol. 1970;101(5):601–5.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.1970.04000050105017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Samlaska CP, Samuelson GA, Faran ME, Shparago NI. Blister beetle dermatosis in Hawaii caused by Thelyphassa apicata (Fairmaire). Pediatr Dermatol. 1992;9(3):246–50.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1470.1992.tb00340.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Carpet Beetle, HYG-2103-97. https://web.archive.org/web/20010425015704/ http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/2000/2103.html. Published 25 Apr 2001. Accessed 11 Mar 2019.
  20. 20.
    Flesh Eating Beetles at the Academy’s Skulls Exhibit. https://www.calacademy.org/flesh-eating-beetles. Accessed 11 Mar 2019.
  21. 21.
    Catts EP, Goff ML. Forensic entomology in criminal investigations. Annu Rev Entomol. 1992;37(1):253–72.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.37.010192.001345.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dermestid beetle|insect. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/animal/dermestid-beetle. Accessed 12 Oct 2018.
  23. 23.
    MacArthur KM, Richardson V, Novoa RA, Stewart CL, Rosenbach M. Carpet beetle dermatitis: a possibly under-recognized entity. Int J Dermatol. 2016;55(5):577–9.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.12952.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hoverson K, Wohltmann WE, Pollack RJ, Schissel DJ. Dermestid dermatitis in a 2-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Dermatol. 2015;32(6):e228–33.  https://doi.org/10.1111/pde.12641.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ahmed AR, Moy R, Barr AR, Price Z. Carpet beetle dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1981;5(4):428–32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0190-9622(81)70104-X.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cormia FE, Lewis GM. Contact dermatitis from beetles, with a report of a case due to the carpet beetle, Anthrenus scrophulariae. N Y State J Med. 1948;48(18):2037–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ayres S, Mihan R. Delusions of parasitosis caused by carpet beetles. JAMA. 1967;199(9):675–675.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1967.03120090117036.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ramachandran S, Hern J, Almeyda J, Main J, Patel KS. Contact dermatitis with cervical lymphadenopathy following exposure to the hide beetle, Dermestes peruvianus. Br J Dermatol. 1997;136(6):943–5.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2133.1997.01828.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Banney LA, Wood DJ, Francis GD. Whiplash rove beetle dermatitis in central Queensland. Australas J Dermatol. 2000;41(3):162–7.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-0960.2000.00421.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Senel E, Sahin C. A warmer world means more beetles and more dermatitis. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2011;15(1):47.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5278.82993.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Piel J. A polyketide synthase-peptide synthetase gene cluster from an uncultured bacterial symbiont of Paederus beetles. PNAS. 2002;99(22):14002–7.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.222481399.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Olson PE, Claborn DM, Polo JM, Earhart KC, Sherman SS. Staphylinid (Rove) beetle dermatitis outbreak in the American Southwest? Mil Med. 1999;164(3):209–13.  https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/164.3.209.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    McGrath L, Piliouras P, Robertson I. Irritant bullous contact dermatitis caused by a rove beetle: an illustrated clinical course. Australas J Dermatol. 2013;54(2):136–8.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-0960.2011.00866.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gnanaraj P, Venugopal V, Mozhi MK, Pandurangan CN. An outbreak of Paederus dermatitis in a suburban hospital in South India: a report of 123 cases and review of literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007;57(2):297–300.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2006.10.982.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kamaladasa SD, Perera WDH, Weeratunge L. An outbreak of paederus dermatitis in a suburban hospital in Sri Lanka. Int J Dermatol. 1997;36(1):34–6.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-4362.1997.00009.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Huang C, Liu Y, Yang J, et al. An outbreak of 268 cases of Paederus dermatitis in a toy-building factory in central China. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48(2):128–31.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2009.03876.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Al-Dhalimi MA. Paederus dermatitis in Najaf province of Iraq. Saudi Med J. 2008;29(10):1490–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Awad SS, Abdel-Raof H, Hosam-ElDin W, El-Domyati M. Linear neutrophilic dermatitis: a seasonal outbreak of Paederus dermatitis in Upper Egypt.:5.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Turan E. Paederus dermatitis in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey: a report of 57 cases. Cutan Ocul Toxicol. 2014;33(3):228–32.  https://doi.org/10.3109/15569527.2013.834499.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Singh G, Ali SY. Paederus dermatitis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2007;73(1):13.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0378-6323.30644.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mokhtar N. Paederus dermatitis amongst medical students in USM. Kelantan. 1993;48(4):4.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Poole TRG. Blister beetle periorbital dermatitis and keratoconjunctivitis in Tanzania. Eye. 1998;12(5):883–5.  https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.1998.223.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Stanimirovic A, Skerlev M, Culav-Košcak I, Kovacevic M. Paederus Dermatitis featuring chronic contact dermatitis. Dermatitis. 2013;24(5):249.  https://doi.org/10.1097/DER.0b013e3182948234.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Steen CJ, Carbonaro PA, Schwartz RA. Arthropods in dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;50(6):819–42.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2003.12.019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Case RL, Altman LC, VanArsdel PP. Role of cell-mediated immunity in Hymenoptera allergy. J Allerg Clin Immunol. 1981;68(5):399–405.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-6749(81)90139-1.
  46. 46.
    Reisman RE. Insect stings. N Engl J Med. 1994;331(8):523–7.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199408253310808.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Steen CJ, Janniger CK, Schutzer SE, Schwartz RA. Insect sting reactions to bees, wasps, and ants. Int J Dermatol. 2005;44(2):91–4.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2005.02391.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Souza AD, Strober BE. Chapter 214. Principles of topical therapy. In: Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ, Wolff K, editors Fitzpatrick’s dermatology in general medicine, 8th ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?aid=56096360. Accessed 12 Mar 2019.
  49. 49.
    Ludman SW, Boyle RJ. Stinging insect allergy: current perspectives on venom immunotherapy. J Asthma Allergy. 2015;8:75–86.  https://doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S62288.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Toledo LFM de, Moore DCBC, Caixeta DM da L, et al. Multiple bee stings, multiple organs involved: a case report. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. 2018;51(4):560–62.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0341-2017.
  51. 51.
    Honeybee|insect|Britannica.com. https://www.britannica.com/animal/honeybee. Accessed 11 Apr 2019.
  52. 52.
    Schwartz RA, Steen CJ. Chapter 210. Arthropod Bites and Stings. In: Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ, Wolff K, editors. Fitzpatrick’s dermatology in general medicine, 8th ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?aid=56094994. Accessed 8 Oct 2018.
  53. 53.
    McKENNA WR. Killer bees: what the allergist should know. Pediatric Asthma Allerg Immunol. 1992;6(4):275–85.  https://doi.org/10.1089/pai.1992.6.275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Colony collapse disorder|Biology|Britannica.com https://www.britannica.com/science/colony-collapse-disorder. Accessed September 4, 2019.
  55. 55.
    wasp|Description, Types, & Facts|Britannica.com. https://www.britannica.com/animal/wasp. Accessed 11 Apr 2019.
  56. 56.
    Fire ant|insect. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/animal/fire-ant. Accessed 11 Apr 2019.
  57. 57.
    Yi GB, McClendon D, Desaiah D, et al. Fire ant venom alkaloid, isosolenopsin A, a potent and selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Int J Toxicol. 2003;22(2):81–6.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10915810305090.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    deShazo RD, Butcher BT, Banks WA. Reactions to the stings of the imported fire ant. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199008163230707,  https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199008163230707.
  59. 59.
    Stablein JJ, Lockey RF. Adverse reactions to ant stings. Clin Rev Allergy. 1987;5(2):161–75.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02991205.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Mallepalli JR, Quinet RJ, Sus R. Eosinophilic fasciitis induced by fire ant bites. Ochsner J. 2008;8(3):114–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Stafford CT, Rhoades RB, Bunker-Soler AL, Thompson WO, Impson LK. Survey of whole body-extract immunotherapy for imported fire ant- and other hymenoptera-sting allergy: Report of the fire ant subcommittee of the American academy of allergy and immunology. J Allerg Clin Immunol. 1989;83(6):1107–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-6749(89)90453-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Arbiser JL, Nowak R, Michaels K, et al. Evidence for biochemical barrier restoration: topical solenopsin analogs improve inflammation and acanthosis in the KC-Tie2 mouse model of psoriasis. Sci Rep. 2017;7(1):11198.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10580-y.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gloria Lin
    • 1
  • Madeline DeWane
    • 1
  • Diane Whitaker-Worth
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Dermatology DepartmentUniversity of ConnecticutFarmingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations