Countering Anti-Semitism: A Catholic Theologian’s Perspective
- 27 Downloads
In this chapter I show how interpretations of certain texts from the New Testament provided raw materials for hostility to Jews and document recent scholarly work to provide interpretations grounded in social-historical and literary contexts. The essay has two major sections. The first explores the complex ways in which Judaism and Christianity interacted in their formative periods. The second section recounts Catholic efforts to confront anti-Semitism, especially its anti-Jewish teachings that arose from failure to grapple with polemical elements in the New Testament and from an arrogant posture toward the religious other. A conclusion includes a brief reflection on implications for mental health practitioners.
KeywordsJesus’s Movement Followers of the Way Pharisees Rabbinic Judaism Adversus Judaeos Vatican Amici Israel Seelisberg Second Vatican Council Nostra Aetate
- 1.Green E. Why the Charlottesville marchers were obsessed with Jews. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/08/nazis-racism-charlottesville/536928/.
- 2.Boys MC. Redeeming our sacred story: the death of Jesus and relations between Jews and Christians. New York: Paulist; 2013.Google Scholar
- 4.Cohen SJD. The beginnings of Jewishness. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1999.Google Scholar
- 5.Fredriksen P. When Christians were Jews: the first generation. New Haven: Yale University Press; 2018. p. 185.Google Scholar
- 6.Stendahl K. Paul among Jews and gentiles. Philadelphia: Fortress; 1976.Google Scholar
- 8.Stendahl K. “From God’s perspective we are all minorities; http://www.jcrelations.net/From+God%E2%80%99s+Perspective+we+are+all+Minorities.2224.0.html?L=3.
- 9.Spicer K. Hitler’s priests: catholic clergy and the national socialism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press; 2008. p. 229–30.Google Scholar
- 11.In Boys MC. Has God only one blessing? Judaism as a source of Christian self-understanding. New York: Paulist; 2000. p. 203.Google Scholar
- 12.Acta Apostolicae Sedis 1928;20:103–4. www.vatican.va/archive/aas/index_en.htm.
- 15.In Boys, M. Has God only one blessing?; p. 203.Google Scholar
- 19.Ibid.Google Scholar
- 20.Carroll J. Constantine’s sword: the Church and the Jews, vol. 376. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 2001.Google Scholar
- 21.Flannery E. The anguish of the Jews. New York: Paulist Press; 1985.Google Scholar
- 22.Dietrich D. God and humanity in Auschwitz: Jewish-Christian relations and sanctioned murder. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers; 1995.Google Scholar
- 23.Phayer M. The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965. Bloomington: Indiana University Press; 2000.Google Scholar
- 24.Krieg R. Catholic theologians in Nazi Germany. New York: Continuum; 2004.Google Scholar
- 25.Baum G. Is the new testament anti-Semitic? A reexamination of the new testament. Paulist: Glen Rock; 1965.Google Scholar
- 26.Fisher EJ. Faith without prejudice: rebuilding Christian attitudes toward Judaism. New York: Paulist Press; 1977.Google Scholar
- 27.Pawlikowski JT. The challenge of the holocaust for Christian theology. New York: Center for Studies of the Holocaust; 1978.Google Scholar
- 29.Barnett VJ. Bystanders: conscience and complicity during the Holocaust. Westport: Praeger; 1999. p. 150–7.Google Scholar