Advertisement

Rural Families in the U.S.: Theory, Research, and Policy

  • Matthew M. BrooksEmail author
  • Sabrina T. Voltaire
Chapter
  • 35 Downloads
Part of the National Symposium on Family Issues book series (NSFI, volume 10)

Abstract

Families in the rural United States face a number of unique social and economic challenges. Although researchers may have explored these problems in other contexts, how they influence family life is relatively understudied. Research regarding rural families and communities is confronted with data limitation issues that must be remedied by changes to existing social science data sources, as well as development of new rural-focused data sets. There is also a lack of rural-specific theoretical frameworks for scholars to employ. Finally, policies at all levels of government must be evaluated for the impact on the rural population, especially in light of ever-changing social and economic conditions.

Keywords

Rural counties Rural-focused data Rural-specific theoretical Research on rural US Aging in place Rural United States Data limitation 

References

  1. Abar, C. C., Jackson, K. M., Colby, S. M., & Barnett, N. P. (2015). Parent–child discrepancies in reports of parental monitoring and their relationship to adolescent alcohol-related behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(9), 1688–1701.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0143-6CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, D. L., Bolender, B. C., Kulcsar, L. J., Glasgow, N., & Sanders, S. (2011). Intercounty variability of net migration at older ages as a path-dependent process. Rural Sociology, 76(1), 44–73.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.2010.00034.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Browne, W. P., & Swanson, L. E. (1995). Living with the minimum: Rural public policy. In E. N. Castle (Ed.), The changing American countryside: Rural people and places (pp. 481–492). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.Google Scholar
  5. Call, M. A., & Voss, P. R. (2016). Spatio-temporal dimensions of child poverty in America, 1990–2010. Environment and Planning A, 48(1), 172–191.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0308518X15597907CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Carr, P. J., & Kefalas, M. J. (2009). Hollowing out the middle: The rural brain drain and what it means for America. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  7. Chan, L., Hart, L. G., & Goodman, D. C. (2006). Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. Journal of Rural Health, 22(2), 140–146.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-0361.2006.00022.xCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chetty, R., Hendren, N., Kline, P., & Saez, E. (2014). Where is the land of opportunity? The geography of intergenerational mobility in the United States. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(4), 1553–1623.  https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qju022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. DiClemente, R. J., Wingood, G. M., Crosby, R., Sionean, C., Cobb, B. K., Harrington, K., … Oh, M. K. (2001). Parental monitoring: Association with adolescents’ risk behaviors. Pediatrics, 107(6), 1363–1368.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.107.6.1363CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Duncan, C. M. (2015). Worlds apart: Poverty and politics in rural America (2nd ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Eccles, J. S., Barber, B. L., Stone, M., & Hunt, J. (2003). Extracurricular activities and adolescent development. Journal of Social Issues, 59(4), 865–889.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0022-4537.2003.00095.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Economic Research Service. (2017). ERS county typology codes, 2015 edition. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/county-typology-codes/
  13. Edin, K., & Shaefer, H. L. (2015). $2.00 a day: Living on almost nothing in America. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
  14. Fitchen, J. M. (1994). Residential mobility among the rural poor. Rural Sociology, 59(3), 416–436.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1994.tb00540.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fitchen, J. M. (1995). Spatial redistribution of poverty through migration of poor people to depressed rural communities. Rural Sociology, 60(2), 181–201.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1995.tb00568.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gentile, D. A., Reimer, R. A., Nathanson, A. I., Walsh, D. A., & Eisenmann, J. C. (2014). Protective effects of parental monitoring of children’s media use: A prospective study. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(5), 479–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Glasgow, N., & Brown, D. L. (2012). Rural ageing in the United States: Trends and contexts. Journal of Rural Studies, 28(4), 422–431.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.01.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Greene, K. M., Murphy, S. T., & Rossheim, M. E. (2018). Context and culture: Reasons young adults drink and drive in rural America. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 121, 194–201.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.09.008CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Haggerty, J. L., Roberge, D., Lévesque, J.-F., Gauthier, J., & Loignon, C. (2014). An exploration of rural–urban differences in healthcare-seeking trajectories: Implications for measures of accessibility. Health & Place, 28, 92–98.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.03.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Himes, C. L., & Rutrough, T. S. (1994). Differences in the use of health services by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan elderly. The Journal of Rural Health, 10(2), 80–88.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-0361.1994.tb00214.xCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Hochschild, A. R. (2016). Strangers in their own land: Anger and mourning on the American right. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  22. Hunter, L. M., Boardman, J. D., & Saint Onge, J. M. (2005). The association between natural amenities, rural population growth, and long-term residents’ economic well-being. Rural Sociology, 70(4), 452–469.  https://doi.org/10.1526/003601105775012714CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Isserman, A. M. (2005). In the national interest: Defining rural and urban correctly in research and public policy. International Regional Science Review, 28(4), 465–499.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0160017605279000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Isserman, A. M. (2007). Getting state rural policy right: Definitions, growth, and program eligibility. The Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, 37(1), 72–79.Google Scholar
  25. Jensen, L., & Slack, T. (2003). Underemployment in America: Measurement and evidence. American Journal of Community Psychology, 32(1–2), 21–31.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025686621578CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson, K. M. (2011). The continuing incidence of natural decrease in American counties. Rural Sociology, 76(1), 74–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Johnson, K. M., & Fuguitt, G. V. (2000). Continuity and change in rural migration patterns, 1950–1995. Rural Sociology, 65(1), 27–49.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.2000.tb00341.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson, K. M., & Lichter, D. T. (2008). Natural increase: A new source of population growth in emerging Hispanic destinations in the United States. Population and Development Review, 34(2), 327–346.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2008.00222.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Johnson, K. M., & Winkler, R. L. (2015). Migration signatures across the decades: Net migration by age in U.S. counties, 1950-2010. Demographic Research, 32(1), 1065–1080.  https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2015.32.38CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Lichter, D. T., & Brown, D. L. (2011). Rural America in an urban society: Changing spatial and social boundaries. Annual Review of Sociology, 37, 565–592.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-081309-150208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu, M. (2013). An ecological review of literature on factors influencing working mothers’ child care arrangements. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(1), 161–171.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9822-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lobao, L., & Kraybill, D. S. (2005). The emerging roles of county governments in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas: Findings from a national survey. Economic Development Quarterly, 19(3), 245–259.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0891242405276514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lowe, K., & Dotterer, A. M. (2013). Parental monitoring, parental warmth, and minority youths’ academic outcomes: Exploring the integrative model of parenting. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(9), 1413–1425.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9934-4CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Malczyk, B. R., & Lawson, H. A. (2017). Parental monitoring, the parent-child relationship and children’s academic engagement in mother-headed single-parent families. Children and Youth Services Review, 73(C), 274–282.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.12.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McCubbin, H. I., & Patterson, J. M. (1983). The family stress process: The double ABCX model of adjustment and adaptation. Marriage & Family Review, 6(1–2), 7–37. https://doi.org/10.1300/J002v06n01_02
  36. McLaughlin, D. K., & Coleman-Jensen, A. J. (2008). Nonstandard employment in the nonmetropolitan United States. Rural Sociology, 73(4), 631–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. McMahon, C. A., & Meins, E. (2012). Mind-mindedness, parenting stress, and emotional availability in mothers of preschoolers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27(2), 245–252.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2011.08.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Monnat, S. M. (2017, April). Deaths of despair from the cities to the hollers: Explaining spatial differences in US drug, alcohol, and suicide mortality rates. Paper presented at the annual meeting of Population Association of America, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  39. National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services. (2016). Families in crisis: The human service implications of the rural opioid misuse (Policy Brief, July). Retrieved from https://www.hrsa.gov/advisorycommittees/rural/publications/opioidabuse.pdf
  40. Powell, L. M. (1997). The impact of child care costs on the labour supply of married mothers: Evidence from Canada. The Canadian Journal of Economics, 30(3), 577–594.  https://doi.org/10.2307/136234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rigg, K. K., & Monnat, S. M. (2015). Urban vs. rural differences in prescription opioid misuse among adults in the United States: Informing region specific drug policies and interventions. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26(5), 484–491.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.10.001CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Sharp, J. S., & Parisi, D. (2003). Devolution: Who is responsible for rural America. In D. L. Brown & L. E. Swanson (Eds.), Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century (pp. 353–362). University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Sherman, J. (2009). Those who work, those who don’t: Poverty, morality, and family in rural America. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
  44. Sherman, J. (2018). “Not allowed to inherit my kingdom”: Amenity development and social inequality in the rural west. Rural Sociology, 83(1), 174–207.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ruso.12168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Slack, T. (2010). Working poverty across the metro-nonmetro divide: A quarter century in perspective, 1979–2003. Rural Sociology, 75(3), 363–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sutherland, K. E., Altenhofen, S., & Biringen, Z. (2012). Emotional availability during mother-child interactions in divorcing and intact married families. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 53(2), 126–141.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10502556.2011.651974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tickamyer, A., White, J., Tadlock, B., & Henderson, D. (2007). The spatial politics of public policy: Devolution, development, and welfare reform. In L. M. Labao, G. Hooks, & A. R. Tickamyer (Eds.), The sociology of spatial inequality (pp. 113–139). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  48. Van Dis, J. (2002). Where we live: Health care in rural vs urban America. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 287(1), 108–108.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.1.108CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Voss, P. R., Long, D. D., Hammer, R. B., & Friedman, S. (2006). County child poverty rates in the US: A spatial regression approach. Population Research and Policy Review, 25(4), 369–391.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-006-9007-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Weber, B., Fannin, J. M., Miller, K., & Goetz, S. (2018). Intergenerational mobility of low-income youth in metropolitan and non-metropolitan America: A spatial analysis. Regional Science Policy & Practice, 10(2), 87–101.  https://doi.org/10.1111/rsp3.12122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Weber, B., & Miller, K. (2017). Poverty in rural America then and now. In A. Tickamyer, J. Sherman, & J. Warlick (Eds.), Rural Poverty in the United States (pp. 28–64). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Penn StateUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Penn StateUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations