Advertisement

Influence of Lubricant Parameters on Surface Roughness of Workpiece When Grinding SKD11 Steel

  • Hoang Tien Dung
  • Do Duc TrungEmail author
  • Nguyen Van Thien
  • Le Hong Ky
  • Kitikhammoune Sonpheth
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 104)

Abstract

In grinding, the surface roughness of a workpiece has a significant influence on quality of the part. Surface roughness is heavily dependent upon. This article presents empirical research for determining influence of lubrication parameters on surface roughnes. The experiment is carried out with 36A60LV grinding wheel, Tectyl cool 290MC and Emulsion lubricant. Minitab 16 software is used to analyze test results to gauge the influence of lubrication parameters on surface roughnes. The regression equation that presents the relationship function of surface roughness is solved to determine the optimal value of lubrication parameters for each type of lubricant, and the values of surface roughness in two lubricant types are compared. The influence of flow and concentration of lubricant on surface roughness is quite complicated. When the flow of the solution and the solution concentration is increased, the surface roughness tends to decrease. However, if the values of these two parameters further increase, the surface roughness tends to increase. When the lubricant Tectyl cool 290MC is used, the value of surface roughness is smaller than it is when Emulsion is used. In fine grinding conditions, with Tectyl cool 290MC lubricant, if the values of the flow and concentration of lubricant are 2.62 (L/min) and 4.2 (%) respectively the surface roughness will reach the smallest value at 0.41 (μm). For Emulsion lubricant, if the values of the flow and concentration of lubricant are 2.63 (L/min) and 4.32 (%) respectively, the surface roughness will reach the smallest value at 0.49 (μm).

Keywords

Surface roughness Grinding SKD11 steel Lubrication parameters Tectyl cool 290MC Emulsion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work described in this paper was supported by Ha Noi University of Industry (https://www.haui.edu.vn/vn).

References

  1. 1.
    Malkin, S., Guo, C.: Grinding Technology - Theory and Applications of Machining with Abrasives. Industrial Press, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hung, L.X., Pi, V.N., Tung, L.A., Khiem, V.H.: A Study on Coolant Parameters in Internal Grinding of 9CrSi Harden Steel, Science and technology project at University level. Thai Nguyen University (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Choi, H.Z., Lee, S.W., Jeong, H.D.: A comparison of the cooling effects of compressed cold air and coolant for cylindrical grinding with a CBN wheel. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 111, 265–268 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xiao, K.Q., Zhang, L.C.: The effect of compressed cold air and vegetable oil on the subsurface residual stress of ground tool steel. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 9–13 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tu, H.X., Pi, V.N., Jun, G.: A study on determination of optimum parameters for lubrication in external cylindrical grinding base on taguchi method. Key Eng. Mater. 796, 97–102 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tu, H.X., Jun, G., Hien, B.T., Hung, L.X., Tung, L.A., Pi, V.N.: Determining optimum parameters of cutting fluid in external grinding of 9CrSi steel using Taguchi technique. Int. J. Mech. Eng. (SSRG-IJME) 5(6), 1–5 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kiyak, M., Cakir, O., Altan, E.: A study on surface roughness in external cylindrical grinding. In: 12th International Scientific Conference – Achievements in Mechanical & Materials Engineering (AAME), pp. 459–462 (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choi, H.Z., Lee, S.W., Kim, D.J.: Optimization of cooling effect in the grinding with mist type coolant. Korea Institute of Industrial (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Trung, D.D.: Research on the influence of lubricant on surface quality when grinding SUJ bearing steel with Al2O3 and CBN grinding wheel on surface grinder, Master thesis, Thai Nguyen University of Technology (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cuong, N., Man, N.D.: Research on choosing cutting parameters and technological measures for improvement of economic and technical efficiency when grinding 3X13 stainless steel with Hai Duong grinding wheel, Science research project at ministerial level. Thai Nguyen University (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fredj, N.B., Sidhom, H., Braham, C.: Ground surface improvement of the austenitic stainless steel AISI304 using cryogenic cooling. Surf. Coat. Technol. 200, 4846–4860 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thu, N.T.: Research on the influence of cooling-lubrication technology on the machined surface quality when grinding 9XC tempered steel through with Hai Duong grindstone, Master thesis. Thai Nguyen University of Technology (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Webster, J.A, Cui, C: Flow rate and jet velocity determination for design of a grinding cooling system. Technical Papers Supplement of the First International Machining and Grinding Conference, Dearborn, Michigan, pp. 345–356 (1995)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stephenson, D.J., Jin, T.: Physical basics in grinding. In: European Conference on Grinding, Aachen, pp. 13–21 (2003)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Myers, R.H., Montgomery, D.C., Anderson-Cook, C.M.: Response Surface Methodology: Process and Product Optimization Using Designed Experiments, 3rd edn. Wiley, Hoboken (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoang Tien Dung
    • 1
  • Do Duc Trung
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nguyen Van Thien
    • 1
  • Le Hong Ky
    • 2
  • Kitikhammoune Sonpheth
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringHanoi University of IndustryHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Vinh Long University of Technology EducationVinh LongVietnam

Personalised recommendations