Advertisement

Finite Element Analysis of the Lithium Diffusion in the Silicon Copper Nano-pillar

  • Huu-Tu Nguyen
  • Van-Trang NguyenEmail author
  • Minh-Quy Le
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 104)

Abstract

When the Li+ current diffuses into the anode, its volume varies greatly, the volume of the anode can increase to 300%, resulting in a significant change in the mechanical properties of the anode. Currently, there are many structures proposed as anode for lithium-ion batteries with Si materials, for example: thin plate structure, nano-particles, nanofibers, copper nano-pillar…. We attend specially to the silicon copper nano-pillar because this structure can create a generation of batteries with fast charging capacity and large capacity. In this study, we use simulation method to find the relationship between mechanical properties (displacement, deformation, stress…) and Li+ diffusion currents during charging. That will help manufacturers to choose the optimal and reasonable structure when making batteries.

Keywords

Diffusion Finite element analysis Li-ion battery Stress 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Van-Trang Nguyen was supported by the Thai Nguyen University of Technology, Thai Nguyen University (Vietnam) under grant number T2017-B01.

References

  1. 1.
    Obrovac, M., Christensen, L., Le, D.B., Dahn, J.: Alloy design for lithium-ion battery anodes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(9), A849–A855 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nitta, N., Wu, F., Lee, J.T., Yushin, G.: Li-ion battery materials: present and future. Mater. Today 18(5), 252–264 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Obrovacz, M.N., Christensen, L.: Structural changes in silicon anodes during lithium insertion/extraction. Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 7(5), A93–A96 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kim, G., Jeong, S., Shin, J.H., Cho, J., Lee, H.: 3D amorphous silicon on nanopillar copper electro des as anode s for high-rate lithium-ion batteries. Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), pp. 689–798Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Noel, M., Suryanarayanan, V.: Role of carbon host lattices in Li-ion intercalation/de-intercalation processes. J. Power Sources 111(2), 193–209 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dahn, J.R., Zheng, T., Liu, Y., Xue, J.: Mechanisms for lithium insertion in carbonaceous materials. Science 270(5236), 590 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang, H., Nadimpalli, S.P., Shenoy, V.B.: Inelastic shape changes of silicon particles and stress evolution at binder/particle interface in a composite electrode during lithiation/delithiation cycling. Extreme Mech. Lett. 9, 430–438 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chew, H.B., Hou, B., Wang, X., Xia, S.: Cracking mechanisms in lithiated silicon thin film electrodes. Int. J. Solids Struct. 51, 4176–4187 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pal, S., Damle, S.S., Kumta, P.N., Maiti, S.: Modeling of lithium segregation induced delamination of a - Si thin filmanode in Li-ion batteries. Comput. Mater. Sci. 79, 877–887 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, N., Hang, T., Zhang, W., Li, M.: Highly conductive Cu nanoneedle-array supported silicon film for high-performance lithium ion battery anodes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 163(3), A380–A384 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xu, R., Zhao, K.: Mechanical interactions regulated kinetics and morphology of composite electrodes in Li-onbatteries. Extreme Mech. Lett. 8, 13–21 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhao, K., Pharr, M., Cai, S., Vlassak, J.J., Suo, Z.: Large plastic deformation in high-capacity lithium-ion batteries caused by charge and discharge. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(S1), S226–S235 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nguyen-Huu, T., Le-Minh, Q.: Stress analysis of silicon-based anode in Li-ion battery. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7149-2_7CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Fundamental ScienceMilitary Academy of LogisticsHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringThai Nguyen University of TechnologyThai NguyenVietnam
  3. 3.Department of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, School of Mechanical EngineeringHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations