Treatment of Natural Hazards Within Planning Documents in Serbia in Relation to Climate Change Issues

  • Tijana CrnčevićEmail author
  • Jelena Živanović Miljković
  • Omiljena Dželebdžić
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


Corresponding to contemporary international frameworks that promote sustainable development following the adoption of the Paris agreement at the 21st Conference on the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 17 sustainable development goals are specifically promoted, and, in addition to sustainability, resilience and, accordingly, disaster risk reduction. In this respect, the harmonization of global, regional and local development is conditioned by climate change issues. The Republic of Serbia (RS), according to the given scenarios, expects a rise in temperature and long-lasting droughts and fires, as well as more intense precipitations that could result in the occurrence of natural hazards such as floods, escarpments and other similar events. Thus, this paper provides an overview of the current planning framework that addresses the problem of preparing areas for emergency situations and disaster risk reduction with a special reference to these climate change issues and their impact in terms of natural disasters. An overview of selected case studies shows that disaster risk reduction is present in the planning documents—the spatial and urban plans—and that the natural hazards that have appeared within the last decade in Serbia have resulted in the initiating and innovating of the legal and planning bases, as well as concrete adjustments and amendments within the planning documents.


Natural hazards Climate change Planning Serbia Disaster risk reduction 



This chapter has been prepared within the scientific projects No. III 47014, TR36035 and TR 36036, financed by the Republic of Serbia Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development in the period 2011–2019.


  1. 17 GOALS (2018). Accessed 10 Nov 2018
  2. American Planning Association (APA) (2011) Policy guide on planning and climate change. Accessed 15 Oct 2018
  3. Bazik D, Dzelebdzic O (2012) Web-based support of spatial planning in Serbia. Spatium 28:67–73Google Scholar
  4. Birkmann J (2018) Urban and Spatial planning in natural hazard risk management, Oxford research encyclopedia, natural hazard science. naturalhazardscience, Oxford University Press, USA. = pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2019
  5. Crncevic T, Lovren-Orlovic V (2018) Displacement and climate change: improving planning policy and increasing community resilience. Int J Clim Chang Strat Manag 10(1):ISSN 1756–8692Google Scholar
  6. Dzelebdzic O, Bazik D (2011) National indicators for evaluating the outcome of reinventing spatial planning in Serbia. Spatium 24:27–36Google Scholar
  7. European Commission (EC) (2018) Commission staff working document Serbia 2018 report accompanying the document communication from the commission to the European parliament. The council, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions 2018 communication on EU enlargement policy. Accessed 15 Oct 2018
  8. Francesch-Huidobro M, Dabrowski M, Tai Y, Chan F, Stead D (2017) Governance challenges of flood-prone delta cities: Integrating flood risk management and climate change in spatial planning. Progress in Planning 114:1–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2014) Climate change 2014: synthesis report, in climate change 2014 synthesis report summary for policymakers. Accessed 15 Oct 2018
  10. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). Accessed 15 Oct 2018
  11. International Strategy for Disaster Reduction ISDR (2018) Accessed 10 Dec 2018
  12. Johannesburg Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) Accessed 25 Oct 2018
  13. Nicholls RJ, Lowe J (2004) Benefits of migration of climate change for coastal area. Glob Environ Change 14(3):220–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pollner J, Kryspin-Watson J, Nieuwejaar S (2010) Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in Europe and central Asia. Global facility for disaster reduction and recovery. The World Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  15. Republic of Serbia (RS), Ministry of Environmental Protection (2017) Drugi nacionalni izveštaj Republike Srbije prema Okvirnoj konvenciji UN o promeni klime (Second National Communication of the Republic of Serbia to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change)., Accessed 28 Oct 2018
  16. Stults M (2017) Integrating climate change into hazard mitigation planning: opportunities and examples in practice. Clim Risk Manag 17:21–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Surjan A, Rahman A, Ara Parvin G, Shaw R (2016) Urban regulation and enforcement: a challenge in urban disasters and resilience in Asia. In: Shaw R, Rahman A, Surjan A, Ara Parvin G (eds), Elsevier. Accessed 15 Jan 2019
  18. Tozier de la Poterie A, Baudoin MA (2015) From Yokohama to Sendai: approaches to participation in international disaster risk reduction frameworks. Int J Disaster Risk Sci 6:128–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. UN (United Nations)-ISDR, WB (World Bank) (2008) South eastern Europe disaster risk mitigation and adaptation initiative: risk assessment in South Eastern Europe—a desk study review. United Nations, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  20. UNDP, Agency for Environmental Protection (2007) Indikatori životne sredine u Republici Srbiji, Kratak vodič (Environmental Indicators in Republic of Serbia, Short guide), BeogradGoogle Scholar
  21. UNISDR (2005) Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015, Accessed 25 Sep 2018
  22. UNISDR (2015). Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030. Available at: Accessed 10 Nov 2018
  23. UNISDR (2018a). Accessed 10 Nov 2018
  24. UNISDR (2018b) The united nations office for disaster risk reduction: terminology. Accessed 15 Sep 2018
  25. United Nations (UN), Paris Agreement (2018). Accessed 25 Sep 2018
  26. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2016) Human development report 2016: risk proofing the western Balkans: empowering people to prevent disasters, UNDP, Sarajevo. Available at: Accessed 10 Sep 2018
  27. Zivanovic Miljkovic J, Crncevic T, Maric I (2012) Land use planning for sustainable development of peri-urban zones. Spatium 28:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zivanovic Miljkovic J, Popovic V (2014) Land use regulation and property rights regime over land in Serbia. Spatium 32:22–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar

National Legislation and Planning Documentation

  1. Energy Strategy of the Republic of Serbia for the period until 2025 with projections until 2030 (2015) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.101/2015Google Scholar
  2. General Urban plan of Vrnjacka Spa, Official Gazette of the Kraljevo Municipality, No.12/2005Google Scholar
  3. Law on Emergency Situations (2009) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.111/2009, 92/2011, 93/2012Google Scholar
  4. Law on Fire Protection (2015) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.111/2009, 20/2015Google Scholar
  5. Law on Insurance (2014) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.139/2014Google Scholar
  6. Law on Local Government (2007) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.129/2007,83/2014Google Scholar
  7. Law on Meteorogical and Hydrological Activities (2010) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.88/2010Google Scholar
  8. Law on Planning and Construction (2009) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 72/2009, 81/2009—correction, 64/10- constitutional court decision, 24/11,121/12, 42/13- constitutional court decision, 50/13- constitutional court decision, 98/13- constitutional court decision, 132/14, 145/2014, 83/2018, 31/2019 and 37/2019 - other LawGoogle Scholar
  9. Law on Safety and Health at Work (2017) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no.101/2005, 91/2015 and 113/2017 - other LawGoogle Scholar
  10. Law on Water, Official gazette of the Republic of Serbia (2010) no.30/2010, 93/2012, 101/2016, 95/2018 and 95/2018 - other LawGoogle Scholar
  11. Law on the Elimination of the Consequences of Floods in the Republic of Serbia (2014) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 75/2014, 64/2015 and 68/2015Google Scholar
  12. National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and Protection and Rescue in Emergency Situations (2011) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 86/2011Google Scholar
  13. National Strategy for Sustainable Development and Action Plan for the period 2009–2017 (2008) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 57/2008Google Scholar
  14. National Strategy for Inclusion of the Republic of Serbia in the Clean Developmnent Mechanism (2010) Ministry of Environmental and Spatial Planning of SerbiaGoogle Scholar
  15. National Program for Environmental Protection for the period 2010-2019 (2011) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.13/2011Google Scholar
  16. National Strategy for Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and Goods (2012) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.33/2012Google Scholar
  17. Ordinance on the establishment of the state program for the restoration of damaged mining and supply facilities (2015) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 112/2014 and 71/2015Google Scholar
  18. Plan of general regulation for Bor (2018) Official Gazette of Bor municipality, No.1/2018Google Scholar
  19. Program implementacije Prostornog plana Republike Srbije od 2010. do 2020. godine za period od 2015. godine (2011) Ministarstvo životne sredine i prostornog planiranja Republike Srbije, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  20. Spatial Plan of the Special Purpose for the Area of the Nature park Stara Planina (2008) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 115/2008Google Scholar
  21. Spatial plan of the Republic of Serbia 2010–2020 (2010), Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 88/2010Google Scholar
  22. Spatial Plan of the Special Purpose area for the exploitation of Kolubara lignite basin (2017) Official Gazette of Republic of Serbia, No. 107/2017Google Scholar
  23. Strategy of Biodiversity for the period 2011–2018 (2011) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No.13/2011Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tijana Crnčević
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jelena Živanović Miljković
    • 1
  • Omiljena Dželebdžić
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of SerbiaBelgradeSerbia

Personalised recommendations