CMOS Process

  • Karim AbbasEmail author


CMOS chips are amazing and complex. They contain features smaller than all bacteria, most viruses, and some molecules. They often contain more components than most continents have people. Making chips is at heart a surprisingly simple and elegant process. It is not much different from old school photography. But because we are dealing with small and delicate devices, the devil lies in the details, and many interesting complications arise.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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