The Voice in Movement Disorders

  • Steven J. FruchtEmail author
  • Pichet Termsarasab


The evaluation of the voice offers powerful clues to the diagnosis of patients with movement disorders. Careful attention to the examination of the voice may reveal unexpected findings that can alter the diagnosis and management in the clinic.


Vocal tremor Hypophonia Diplophonia Stridor Spasmodic dysphonia 

Supplementary material

Video 11.1

This chapter’s video is divided into four segments demonstrating voice disorders: parkinsonism; hyperkinetic movement disorders (myoclonus, tics, and chorea); vocal tremor; and dystonia (MP4 2087129 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Movement DisordersNew York University Grossman School of Medicine, The Marlene and Paolo Fresco Institute for Parkinson’s and Movement Disorders, NYU Langone HealthNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Neurology, Faculty of MedicineRamathibodi Hospital, Mahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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