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Common Orbital Disorders in Adults

  • Kelvin Kam Lung ChongEmail author
  • Ardining Sastrosatomo
  • Shasha Liu
  • Matthew Chun Wah Lam
Chapter
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

Orbital lesions in adults (VEINS: vascular, endocrine, inflammatory/infective, neoplastic, structural) range from a simple cyst to life-threatening disorder. They may cause ocular discomfort, visual dysfunction and/or periorbital disfigurement. A step-by-step evaluation starts with history-talking focusing on patients’ chief complaints, eliciting relevant ocular and orbital signs to arranging radiological, histological and systemic investigations. A multidisciplinary team involving ophthalmologists, radiologists, histopathologists, oncologists and neurological, plastic or ENT surgeons are often required to manage many challenging orbital conditions.

Keywords

Orbit Orbital tumors Dermoid cysts Orbital vascular lesions IgG-4 related ophthalmic disease Optic nerve meningioma Orbital metastasis Cavernous hemangioma Orbital cellulitis Orbital trauma 

Notes

Glossary

V:

Vascular (Orbital vascular malformation)

Type 1, 2, 3

CVM

E:

Endocrine (TED)

I:

Inflammation: IOID, IgG4ROD

Infection

N:

Neoplasia

Lymphoproliferative diseases: OAL vs LH

Lacrimal gland tumors: epithelial vs mesenchymal vs metastatic

Mesenchymal tumors

S:

Structural

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelvin Kam Lung Chong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ardining Sastrosatomo
    • 2
  • Shasha Liu
    • 3
  • Matthew Chun Wah Lam
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Faculty of MedicineThe Chinese University of Hong KongKowloonHong Kong
  2. 2.Jakarta Eye CenterJakartaIndonesia
  3. 3.United Christian HospitalKwun TongHong Kong
  4. 4.Hong Kong Eye HospitalHo Man TinHong Kong

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