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Meteorological Services for Forecast Based Early Actions in Indonesia

  • PerdinanEmail author
  • Enggar Yustisi Arini
  • Ryco Farysca Adi
  • Raja Siregar
  • Yolanda Clatworthy
  • Nurhayati
  • Ni Wayan Srimani Puspa Dewi
Chapter
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Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

The increasing frequency of climate related hazards leading to disasters stipulates the government of Indonesia to pay serious attention to mitigate the adverse impacts of the disasters. An initiative is the utilization of climate and/or weather forecasts to support the installment of impact-based forecasts and risk-based warnings. This study investigated the feasibility of supporting Forecast Based Early Actions (FbA) implementation in Indonesia based on document reviews, identification of supporting tools, and stakeholders’ consultations with the key informants. Understanding the available resources for supporting early actions, the study recommends focusing on two major climate related hazards, i.e., floods and drought, as the two most impacted hazards on human lives and assets with refer to the available datasets from 1972 to 2018. The implementation of FbA for the two hazards also sounds promising with regards to available and accessible forecasted rainfall occurrences and amount (e.g., one day, 3-day and 10-day prediction, and seasonal forecasts) across the country provided by Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency named in bahasa Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika (BMKG). Nevertheless, the forecast accuracies should still be improved and automatically connected with hazard-based models (e.g., flood or drought) nationally. This demand urges that further efforts are needed to endorse the implementation of FbA in Indonesia.

Keywords

Weather services Risk-based warnings Early actions Disasters Indonesia Climate change 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This manuscript is based on work supported by IFRC-RCS, research study #CLMX013580 for conducting the study, and APN grant #CBA2018-09SY-Perdinan and WCU program of Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education managed by Institute Technology Bandung for finalizing the report version for publication. The authors also send gratitude to the key stakeholders from climate center and respondents for their invaluable insights during the interview processes.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Perdinan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Enggar Yustisi Arini
    • 2
  • Ryco Farysca Adi
    • 2
  • Raja Siregar
    • 3
  • Yolanda Clatworthy
    • 3
  • Nurhayati
    • 4
  • Ni Wayan Srimani Puspa Dewi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geophysics and MeteorologyBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.PIAREA, Environmental and Technology Services, piarea.co.idBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Climate Centre, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)GenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (BMKG)JakartaIndonesia

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