Advertisement

Additive Manufacturing via the Direct Ink Writing Technique of Kaolinite-Based Clay with Electric Arc Furnace Steel Dust (EAF Dust)

  • Edisson Ordoñez
  • Henry A. ColoradoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Electric arc furnace steel dust (EAF dust) is used in this research as a complemented material in the additive manufacturing (AM) of kaolinite-based clays. The AM technique used was the direct ink writing method. The addition of steel dust waste to the clay is beneficial for the environment because the residues can be immobilized and therefore reduce the contamination of water. EAF dust is a hazardous waste available in millions of tons generated by the metallurgical industry worldwide. The current investigation shows the possibility of using EAF dust not only as admixture with clays ceramics after sintering, but also in 3D printed parts. Different samples were built with several water to clay ratios (W/C), and with waste contents between 0 and 20 wt%. Cylinders for compression tests were printed, and after a sintering process at 1100 °C for 2 h in air atmosphere, these were evaluated. Other materials characterization included scanning electron microscopy and density tests.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing Clays Kaolinite Electric arc furnace (EAF) 

References

  1. 1.
    Loaiza A, Cifuentes S, Colorado HA (2017) Asphalt modified with superfine electric arc furnace steel dust (EAF dust) with high zinc oxide content. Constr Build Mater 145:538–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McDevitt B, Karkkainen R, Sacris E, Nahmad D, Sendil E (2007) Process for hydrometallurgical treatment of electric arc furnace dust. U.S. Patent Application 11/349, 054, filed February 22Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    León G, Cantú R, Villarreal JA, Micheloud OM, Montesinos-Castellanos A (2015) Treatment of hazardous waste by carbon dioxide capture from an electric arc furnace. ISIJ Int 55:559–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pickles CA (2009) Thermodynamic modelling of the multiphase pyrometallurgical processing of electric arc furnace dust. Miner Eng 22:977–985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Machado JGMS, Brehm FA, Moraes CAM, Dos Santos CA, Vilela ACF, Da Cunha JBM (2006) Chemical, physical, structural and morphological characterization of the electric arc furnace dust. J Hazard Mater 136:953–960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ordóñez-Ordóñez E, Echeverry-Lopera G, Colorado-Lopera H (2019) Engineering and economics of the hazardous wastes in Colombia: the need for a circular economy model. Inf Técnico 83:155–173Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Colorado HA, Garcia E, Buchely MF (2016) White Ordinary Portland Cement blended with superfine steel dust with high zinc oxide contents. Constr Build Mater 112:816–824CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khattab RM, Seleman MME-S, Zawrah MF (2017) Assessment of electric arc furnace dust: powder characterization and its sinterability as ceramic product. Ceram Int 43:12939–12947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lenz DM, Martins FB (2007) Lead and zinc selective precipitation from leach electric arc furnace dust solutions. Matéria (Rio Janeiro) 12:503–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Colorado HA, Hiel C, Hahn HT (2011) Chemically bonded phosphate ceramics composites reinforced with graphite nanoplatelets. Compos Part A Appl Sci Manuf 42:376–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Taya M, Hayashi S, Kobayashi AS, Yoon HS (1990) Toughening of a particulate-reinforced ceramic-matrix composite by thermal residual stress. J Am Ceram Soc 73:1382–1391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lloyd DJ (1994) Particle reinforced aluminium and magnesium matrix composites. Int Mater Rev 39:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Loaiza A, Colorado HA (2018) Marshall stability and flow tests for asphalt concrete containing electric arc furnace dust waste with high ZnO contents from the steel making process. Constr Build Mater 166:769–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ordoñez E, Gallego JM, Colorado HA (2019) 3D printing via the direct ink writing technique of ceramic pastes from typical formulations used in traditional ceramics industry. Appl Clay Sci 182:105285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Revelo CF, Colorado HA (2018) 3D printing of kaolinite clay ceramics using the Direct Ink Writing (DIW) technique. Ceram Int 44:5673–5682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sachs E, Cima M, Cornie J et al (1993) Three-dimensional printing: the physics and implications of additive manufacturing. CIRP Ann 42:257–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Travitzky N, Bonet A, Dermeik B, Fey T, Filbert-Demut I, Schlier L, Schlordt T, Greil P (2014) Additive manufacturing of ceramic-based materials. Adv Eng Mater 16:729–754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gibson I, Rosen DW, Stucker B (2014) Additive manufacturing technologies, vol 17. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zocca A, Colombo P, Gomes CM, Günster J (2015) Additive manufacturing of ceramics: issues, potentialities, and opportunities. J Am Ceram Soc 98:1983–2001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Castañeda M, Colorado HA (2018) Mechanical behavior of white ordinary portland cement paste with iron oxide powders containing arsenic. In: TMS annual meeting exhibition, Springer, pp 443–449Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Colorado HA, Loaiza A (2017) Portland cement paste blended with pulverized coconut fibers. Adv Mater Sci Environ Energy Technol VI 262:79Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Colorado HA, Colorado SA (2016) Portland cement with battery waste contents. In: REWAS 2016, Springer, pp 57–63Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad de AntioquiaMedellín, AntioquiaColombia
  2. 2.CCComposites LabUniversidad de Antioquia UdeAMedellínColombia

Personalised recommendations