Network Strengthening Against Malicious Attacks

  • Qingnan Rong
  • Jun Zhang
  • Xiaoqian SunEmail author
  • Sebastian Wandelt
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 881)


Robustness measures the toleration of complex networks against random failures and malicious attacks. A malicious attack removes the most important node iteratively and destroys the network quickly. It is crucial to strengthen the network robustness against malicious attacks. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to strengthen the robustness with reduced change of network structure compared to state-of-the-art algorithms. The algorithm is called targeted variable neighborhood search (TVNS) algorithm. Experiments on real-world and random networks show that TVNS is efficient on strengthening the robustness against malicious attacks. The strengthened network against high degree adaptive attack shows an onion-like structure where nodes prefer to connect with similar degree nodes; while for the strengthened network against high betweenness adaptive attack, nodes prefer to connect with similar betweenness nodes.


Network robustness Malicious attacks TVNS algorithm 



This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 61861136005 and No. 61851110763).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingnan Rong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoqian Sun
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sebastian Wandelt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of CNS/ATM, School of Electronic and Information EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory of Multi-Modal Transportation Big DataBeijingChina

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