Advertisement

Optimization of Opuntia Dose as Bio-flocculant for Oil Refinery Wastewater Using Response Surface Methodology

  • Ouafae DkhissiEmail author
  • Ahmed El Hakmaoui
  • Hajar Bakraouy
  • Mohamed Chatoui
  • Mouhcin Fadil
  • Y. Kadmi
  • Salah Souabi
Conference paper
  • 27 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1104)

Abstract

Oil refinery wastewater is one of the most polluted types of wastewater with a large variety of organic and mineral pollutants, which need treatment before discharge to the receiving environment. The coagulation–flocculation process was used to treat oil refinery wastewater with ferric chloride (FeCl3-40%) as a coagulant and cactus juice was used as a flocculant to reduce turbidity and chemical oxygen demand (COD).

A response surface methodology (RSM) design was applied to optimize the process the three factors coagulant, bio-flocculant doses, and pH. Obtained optimal dosages were: 1.12 g/l of coagulant and 11.6 ml/l of bio-flocculant and 9.38 of pH. Removal efficiencies under optimal conditions reached: 97.92 ± 0.66% and 62.41 ± 8.12% for turbidity and COD, respectively. The experiment results showed the capability of ferric chloride as coagulant and cactus as bio-flocculant for reducing the pollutants from oil refinery wastewater.

Keywords

Oil refinery wastewater Response surface methodology Bio-flocculant Coagulation-flocculation Factorial design 

References

  1. 1.
    National Environmental Standard and Regulatory Enforcement Agency Federtal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, Lagos (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chatoui, M., Lahsaini, S., Souabi, S., Bahlaoui, M.A., Hobaizi, S., Pala, A.: Study of refining wastewater pollution: case of vegetable oil refining industry Morocco. J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 7(10), 3906–3915 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Patale, V., Pandya, J.: Mucilage extract of Coccinia indica fruit as coagulant-flocculent for turbid water treatment. Asian J. Plant Sci. Res. 2, 442–445 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sciban, M., Klaˇsnja, M., Antov, M., Skrbic, B.: Removal of water turbidity by natural coagulants obtained from chestnut and acorn. Bioresour. Technol. 100, 6639–6643 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oladoja, N.A.: Headway on natural polymeric coagulants in water and waste-water treatment operations. J. Water Process. Eng. 6, 174–192 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vijayaraghavan, G., Sivakumar, T., Vimal Kumar, A.: Application of plant based coagulants for waste water treatment. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Stud. 1, 88–92 (2011). E-ISSN2249-8974Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang, Y., Chen, K., Moa, L., Li, J., Xu, J.: Optimization of coagulation–flocculation process for papermaking-reconstituted tobacco slice wastewater treatment using response surface methodology. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 20, 391–396 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    APHA, WPCE, AWWA. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn. American Public Health Association (APHA), Washington, DC (1992)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goupy, J., Creighton, L.: Introduction aux plans d’expériences. Edition Dunod, Paris (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ravikumar, K., Pakshirajan, K., Swaminathan, T., Balu, K.: Optimization of batch process parameters using response surface methodology for dye removal by a novel adsorbent. J. Chem. Eng. 105, 131–138 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martin, M.A., Gonzalez, I., Berrios, M., Siles, J.A., Martin, A.: J Chem Eng. 172, 771 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Oubrayme, H., Souabi, S., Bouhria, M., Tahiri, M., Alami younssi, S., Albizane, A.: Optimization of the coagulation/flocculation of wastewater from oil refineries use of Response Surface Methodology. J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 7(11), 4299–4310 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ouafae Dkhissi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ahmed El Hakmaoui
    • 1
  • Hajar Bakraouy
    • 2
  • Mohamed Chatoui
    • 2
  • Mouhcin Fadil
    • 3
  • Y. Kadmi
    • 4
    • 5
  • Salah Souabi
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Physical Chemistry Bio-organic Chemistry, URAC22, Re PAM Pole, Faculty of Sciences Techniques MohammediaHassan II University of CasablancaCasablancaMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Process Engineering and Environment Faculty of Science and Technology MohammediaHassan II University of CasablancaCasablancaMorocco
  3. 3.Application Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and TechniquesSidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  4. 4.Laboratoire de Spectrochimie Infrarouge et Raman (LASIR)UMR CNRS 8516, Université de LilleVilleneuve-d’AscqFrance
  5. 5.IUT de BéthuneUniversité de l’ArtoisBéthuneFrance

Personalised recommendations