Advertisement

Present and Future Prospects on Nutritious Feeding Using Insects

  • Mohd. Yusuf
Chapter
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Limited and challenging food resources initiate opening of new vistas of new food items and can be served to the human diet without any precedence. There is a long historical relationship between insects and human civilization that extends back to antiquity. Several developed as well as developing countries such as US, UK, Europe, Asia, etc., utilize edible insects as food which represent a novelty or snack food to a considerable extent evidenced by their food products. Insects meet the human nutritional requirements and are high in protein and mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Certain carbohydrates mainly chitin and minerals such as K, Na, Ca, Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn, and P and vitamins are also favoring edible insects as a brilliant nutrition diet of humans. In this chapter, the nutritional performance of insect feed/edible insects and their current environmental aspects with socioeconomic reflections are highlighted.

Keywords

Edible insects Food Insect feeding Nutrition 

References

  1. Barragan-Fonseca KB, Gort G, Dicke M, van Loon JJ (2019) Effects of dietary protein and carbohydrate on life-history traits and body protein and fat contents of the black soldier fly Hermetia illucens. Physiol Entomol.  https://doi.org/10.1111/phen.12285
  2. Belluco S, Losasso C, Maggioletti M, Alonzi CC, Paoletti MG, Ricci A (2013) Edible insects in a food safety and nutritional perspective: a critical review. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Safety 12(3):296–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bodenheimer FS (1951) Insects as human food. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Capinera JL (ed) (2004) Encyclopedia of entomology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  5. Choe JC, Crespi BJ (eds) (1997) The evolution of social behaviour in insects and arachnids. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  6. Coleman D (2006) Entertaining entomology: insects and insect performers in the eighteenth century. Eighteenth Cent Life 30(3):107–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DeFoliart GR (1997) An overview of the role of edible insects in preserving biodiversity. Ecol Food Nutr 36:109–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DeFoliart GR (1999) Insects as food: why the Western attitude is important. Annual Rev Entomol 44:21–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dobermann D, Swift JA, Field LM (2017) Opportunities and hurdles of edible insects for food and feed. Nutr Bull 42(4):293–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Entomophagy (Eating insects). Center for invasive species research, University of California (Research). https://cisr.ucr.edu/entomophagy.html. Retrieved 14 January 2019
  11. FAO (2006) Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO (2012) Coping with water scarcity. An action framework for agriculture and food security, FAO Water reports 38. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  13. FAO (2013) Edible insects: future prospects for food and feed security. For Pap 171:1–154Google Scholar
  14. FAO (2015) Edible insects: forestry. http://www.fao.org/forestry/edibleinsects/en/
  15. FAO 2050 water supplies to dwindle in parts of the world, threatening food security and livelihoods. http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/283255/icode/
  16. Finke MD (2002) Complete nutrient composition of commercially raised invertebrates used as food for insectivores. Zoo Biol 21:269–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. He J, Tong Q, Huang X, Zhou Z (1999) Nutritional composition analysis of moths of Dendrolimus houi Lajonquiere. Kunchong Zhishi 36(2):83–86Google Scholar
  18. Hoekstra AY, Mekonnen MM (2012) The water footprint of humanity. In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, vol 109. Global Water Forum, Canberra, Australia, pp 3232–3237Google Scholar
  19. Johnson DV (2010) The contribution of edible forest insects to human nutrition and to forest management. In: Durst PB, Johnson DV, Leslie RN, Shono K (eds) Forest insects as food: Humans bite back. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations Regional Office for Asia and The Pacific, Bangkok, pp 5–22Google Scholar
  20. Kouřimská L, Adámková A (2016) Nutritional and sensory quality of edible insects. NFS J 4:22–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Makkar HP, Tran G, Heuzé V, Ankers P (2014) State-of-the-art on use of insects as animal feed. Animal Feed Sci Technol 197:1–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Menzel P, D’Aluisio F (2010) What i eat: around the world in 80 diets. Material World Books, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  23. Niassy S, Ekesi S (2017) Eating insects has long made sense in Africa. http://theconversation.com/eating-insects-has-long-made-sense-in-africa-the-world-must-catch-up-70419 (Retrieved 14 January 2019)
  24. Paoletti MG, Dufour DL (2005) Edible invertebrates among Amazonian Indians: a critical review of disappearing knowledge. In: Paoletti MG (ed) Ecological implications of minilivestock. Science Publishers, Enfield, pp 293–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Payne CLR, Scarborough P, Rayner M, Nonaka K (2016) Are edible insects more or less ‘healthy’ than commonly consumed meats? A comparison using two nutrient profiling models developed to combat over- and undernutrition. Eur J Clin Nutr 70:285–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rumpold BA, Schlüter OK (2013) Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects. Mol Nutr Food Res 57:802–823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shockley M, Dossey AT (2014) Insects for human consumption. In: Morales-Ramos JA, Rojas MG, Shapiro-Ilan DI (eds) Mass production of beneficial organisms. Academic Press, London, pp 617–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tommaseo-Ponzetta M (2005) Insects: food for human evolution. In: Paoletti MG (ed) Ecological implications of minilivestock. Science Publishers, Enfield, pp 141–161Google Scholar
  29. Tong L, Yu X, Lui H (2011) Insect food for astronauts: gas exchange in silkworms fed on mulberry and lettuce and the nutritional value of these insects for human consumption during deep space flights. Bull Entomol Res 101:613–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. van Huis A, van Itterbeeck J, Klunder H, Mertens E, Halloran A, Muir G, Vantomme P (2013) Edible insects: future prospects for food and feed security (No. 171). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  31. van Lenteren JC (2006) Ecosystem services to biological control of pests: why are they ignored? Proc Neth Entomol Soc Meet 17:103–111Google Scholar
  32. Verbeke W (2015) Profiling consumers who are ready to adopt insects as a meat substitute in a Western society. Food Quality Pref 39:147–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xiaoming C, Ying F (1999) The edible insects of China. Science and Technology Publishing House, Beijing, pp 180–190Google Scholar
  34. Xiaoming C, Ying F, Hong Z, Zhiyong C (2010) Review of the nutritive value of edible insects. Forest insects as food: humans bite back. In: Durst PB, Johnson DV, Leslie RN, Shono K (eds) Proceedings of a workshop on Asia-Pacific resources and their potential for development 19–21 February 2008, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 85–92.Google Scholar
  35. Yusuf M (2018) Application of recombinant insect products in modern research: an overview. In: Kumar D, Gong C (eds) Trends in insect molecular biology and biotechnology. Springer, Cham, pp 283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd. Yusuf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, YMD CollegeM. D. UniversityNuhIndia

Personalised recommendations