Advertisement

Sintering Ability of Y-Doped BaZrO3 Refractory with Nano-CaCO3 and the Interaction with Ti2Ni Alloys

  • Baobao Lan
  • Wang Shihua
  • Yubin Xiao
  • Xionggang Lu
  • Guangyao ChenEmail author
  • Chonghe LiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

In this work, the effect of nano-CaCO3 additive on the sinter-ability of Y-doped BaZrO3 refractory and its interaction with Ti2Ni alloys was studied. The results showed that no second phase was observed in the Y-doped BaZrO3 refractory with nano-CaCO3 additive after sintering at 1750 ℃ for 6 h. The nano-CaZrO3 promoted the densification and the growth of grains of Y-doped BaZrO3 refractory. The relative density of Y-doped BaZrO3 refractory with nano-CaCO3 addition was about 97.5%. The melting experiment of Ti2Ni alloys was performed in the Y-doped BaZrO3 crucible with nano-CaCO3 additive at 1650 ℃ for 5 min, 10 min, and 15 min, respectively. Interaction analysis indicated that the thickness of the erosion layer was 2635 um, 3090 um, and 3689 um, respectively; and the content of oxygen was 0.412 wt%, 0.584 wt%, and 1.140 wt%, respectively.

Keywords

Y-doped BaZrO3 Ti2Ni Interface reaction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China-CHINA BAOWU STEEL GROUP Joint research fund for iron and steel (No.: U1860203,U1860108); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.: U1760109); Scientific research innovation project of Shanghai education commission (No.:15ZS030).

References

  1. 1.
    Wang X D, Lu FS, Jia H, et al(2014) Titanium industry development report of China in 2013. China’s Titanium Industry 21(1):30–36 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wu X (2006) Review of alloy and process development of TiAl alloys. Intermetallic 14(10):1114–1122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boyerr RR (1996) An overview on the use of titanium in the aerospace industry. Mater Sci Eng A 213(1–2):103–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Niinomi M, Boehlert CJ (2006) Titanium alloys for biomedical applications. Mater Sci Eng C 26(8):1269–1277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kartavykh AV, Tcherdyntsev VV, Zollinger J (2009) TiAl–Nb melt interaction with AlN refractory crucibles. Mater Chem Phys 116(1):300–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frenzel J, Zhang Z, Neuking K et al (2004) High quality vacuum induction melting of small quantities of NiTi shape memory alloys in graphite crucibles. J Alloy Compd 385(1):214–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Economos G, Kingery WD (2010) Metal-ceramic interactions: ii, metal-oxide interfacial reactions at elevated temperatures. J Am Ceram Soc 36(12):403–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weber BC, Thompson WM, Bielstein HO et al (2010) Ceramic crucible for melting titanium. J Am Ceram Soc 40(11):363–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tetsui T, Kobayashi T, Mori T et al (2010) Evaluation of yttria applicability as a crucible for induction melting of TiAl alloy. Mater Trans 51(9):1656–1662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang Z, Zhu KL, Liu LJ et al (2013) Preparation of BaZrO3 crucible and its interfacial reaction with molten titanium alloys. J Chin Ceram Soc 41(9):1278–1283 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li CH, Zhou H, Chen GY et al (2016) Preparation of TiFe based alloys melted by BaZrO3 crucible and its hydrogen storage properties. J Chongqing Univ 39(2):107–113 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen GY, Cheng ZW, Wang SS et al (2016) Interfacial reaction between high reactivity titanium melt and BaZrO3 refractory. J Chin Ceram Soc 44(6):890–895Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen GY, Li BT, Zhang H et al (2017) Corrosion mechanism of BaZrO3 refractory in titanium enrichment melt. Chin J Nonferrous Metals 27(5):947–952Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bi L, Fabbri E, Sun Z et al (2011) Sinteractivity, proton conductivity and chemical stability of BaZr0.7In0.3O3-δ for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Solid State Ion 196(1):59–64Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Reddy GS, Bauri R (2016) Y and In-doped BaCeO3–BaZrO3 solid solutions: chemically stable and easily sinterable proton conducting oxides 688:1039–1046Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kang JY, Chen GY, La BB et al (2018) Preparation of high density BaZr0.97Y0.03O3-δ ceramic and its interaction with titanium melt. Key Eng Mater 768:261–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chen GY, Kang JY, Gao PY et al (2018) Effect of CaO additive on the interfacial reaction between the BaZrO3 refractory and titanium enrichment melt. Rare metal technology 2018. In: The minerals, metals & materials series.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72350-1_22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kang JY, Chen GY, Lan BB et al (2019) Stability of Y-doped BaZrO3 and resistance to titanium melt. Chin J Nonferrous Metals 29(4):749–754 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen GY, Kang JY, Gao PY et al (2018) Dissolution of BaZrO3 refractory in titanium melt[J]. Int J Appl Ceram Technol.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ijac.13009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kang JY, Chen GY, Lan BB et al (2019) Sintering behavior of Y-doped BaZrO3 refractory with TiO2 additive and effects of its dissolution on titanium melts[J]. Int J Appl Ceram Technol 16(3):1088–1097CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferro Metallurgy, School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Special Casting Engineering Technology Research CenterShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Shanghai UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations