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Tourists, Residents and Experts Rethink the Future of Mediterranean Regions: A Question of Regional Intelligence

  • André Samora-ArvelaEmail author
  • Eric Vaz
  • Jorge Ferreira
  • Thomas Panagopoulos
Chapter
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

The Algarve region, south of Portugal, is a case study of Mediterranean tourism, and its recreational offer is essentially based on the promotion of sun and beach product and on the qualification of its coastal assets, establishing a framework of weak tourism differentiation which, conjugated with the climate change impacts, poses a threat to the resilience of a region with a socio-economy too much based on coastal tourism. Therefore, a heterogenization of tourism products is a win-win opportunity for strengthening regional resilience to present and future challenges. Hence, the need is to study, comparatively, the complementary preferences of tourists and residents in this region in the sense of revealing their willingness to diversify their recreational experience, not only in coastal spaces, but also of interiority. On the one hand, tourists show that they want to increase their recreational experience culturally, while on the other hand, the sea level rise may affect the most considered tourism resource, namely the beach, being that regional tourism sector depends on it. This chapter presents an investigation of the degree of preference of Algarve region's tourists and residents for alternative activities, such as nature-based and culture-based, which promotion could attenuate the regional dependence on sun and beach tourism and, by that, increment regional resilience.

Keywords

Tourism Diversification Climate change Regional resilience Sustainability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author would like to thank dearly the expert’s participation, here enunciated by alphabetic order: Professor Ana Paula Barreira, Professor António Covas, Professor João Ferrão, Professor Maria José Roxo, Professor Pedro Prista and Professor Rosário Oliveira. This study was financed by FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology through the Ph.D. grant SFRH/BD/102328/2014. The authors thank the support given by ICS—Social Science Institute, University of Lisbon, CICS.NOVA—Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, New University of Lisbon, Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being, Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve, and Laboratory for Geocomputation, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Arts, Ryerson University.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Samora-Arvela
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Eric Vaz
    • 3
  • Jorge Ferreira
    • 1
  • Thomas Panagopoulos
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Interdisciplinary Centre of Social SciencesNew University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-Being (CinTurs)University of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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