The Impetus for Recognizing, Preventing, and Treating Pain in the Pediatric Population

  • Naiyi SunEmail author
  • Fiona Campbell


Historically, the medical community believed that young children did not feel pain the same way as adults or form long-term memories of it due to their immature pain pathways. Over the past 30 years, we have gained a much better understanding of how infants and children respond to tissue injury and perceive pain. There is now a greater appreciation of the plasticity of the developing infant nociceptive system. Evidence is emerging that untreated pain suffered early in life can have profound and long-lasting consequences on the nervous system that affect how pain is perceived later in life. Inadequate pain management in children can contribute to poor health outcomes, increased opioid use, and can lead to development of chronic pain. It is crucial that children receive optimal multimodal pain management early in life in order to diminish or prevent the negative long-term consequence of pain.


Neonatal pain exposure Procedural pain Cancer pain Chronic pain Societal impact of chronic pain Multimodal pain treatment Long-term effects of pain exposure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Pain MedicineThe Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada

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