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Pediatric Pain Assessment and Indications for Opioids

  • Renee C. B. ManworrenEmail author
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Abstract

Assessment provides the foundation for effective treatment, but evidence indicates that pain is not optimally assessed or treated in children. This chapter provides an overview of pediatric pain assessment in children of all ages and developmental abilities who may require opioids. Historic influences and pediatric pain assessment knowledge gaps are reviewed. Key steps in pain assessment, including pain history and the hierarchy of pain assessment strategies are outlined. Reliability, validity, and utility of commonly used pediatric self-report and observational pain assessment tools are described; and other factors to consider when choosing pain assessment tools are discussed. In addition, anticipated approaches for precision pediatric pain assessment, including harnessing the potential for digital health technologies and genomics to guide pediatric opioid treatment, are introduced.

Keywords

Pain assessment Pediatric pain Pain scores Opioid Analgesic Patient-reported outcomes 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Acute Pain Management Program and Department of NursingAnn & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA

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