Epidemiology and Public Health Implications of the Opioid Crisis

  • Michael D. MendozaEmail author
  • Holly Ann Russell


Opioid overdose deaths continue to grow nationwide. Simultaneously, efforts to understand and promote the appropriate management of substance use and pain are expanding. The goals of improved treatment for patients and responding to the opioid overdose epidemic are both priorities. Pediatric and adult care providers must reconsider their approach to pain and substance use disorder in light of the current opioid epidemic. This chapter summarizes general principles about opioid use disorder, presents an overview of the epidemiology and public health implications of the contemporary opioid crisis, and closes with an overview of current approaches to prevention, treatment, and harm reduction.


Opioid Opioid use disorder Substance use disorder Overdose Addiction Pain Pain management Medication-assisted treatment 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monroe County Health DepartmentMonroe CountyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

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