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Lungs Cancer Nodules Detection from CT Scan Images with Convolutional Neural Networks

  • Muhammad Zubair Rehman
  • Nazri Mohd NawiEmail author
  • Aisha Tanveer
  • Hassan Zafar
  • Hamza Munir
  • Sher Hassan
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 978)

Abstract

Lungs cancer is a life-taking disease and is causing a problem around the world for a long time. The only plausible solution for this type of disease is the early detection of the disease because at preliminary stages it can be treated or cured. With the recent medical advancements, Computerized Tomography (CT) scan is the best technique out there to get the images of internal body organs. Sometimes, even experienced doctors are not able to identify cancer just by looking at the CT scan. During the past few years, a lot of research work is devoted to achieve the task for lung cancer detection but they failed to achieve accuracy. The main objective of this piece of this research was to find an appropriate method for classification of nodules and non-nodules. For classification, the dataset was taken from Japanese Society of Radiological Technology (JSRT) with 247 three-dimensional images. The images were preprocessed into gray-scale images. The lung cancer detection model was built using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). The model was able to achieve an accuracy of 88% with lowest loss rate of 0.21% and was found better than other highly complex methods for classification.

Keywords

Lungs cancer Convolutional neural networks Features extraction Computed tomography Preprocessing Deep learning Computer vision 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) and Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) Malaysia for financially supporting this Research under IGSP grants note U420 and under Trans-displinary Research Grant Scheme (TRGS) vote no. T003.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Zubair Rehman
    • 1
  • Nazri Mohd Nawi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Aisha Tanveer
    • 1
  • Hassan Zafar
    • 3
  • Hamza Munir
    • 3
  • Sher Hassan
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of ComputingUniversiti Malaysia PahangPekanMalaysia
  2. 2.Soft Computing and Data Mining Center (SMC), Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaBatu PahatMalaysia
  3. 3.Machine Learning Research Group (MLRG)The University of LahoreIslamabadPakistan

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