Gromov’s Waist of Non-radial Gaussian Measures and Radial Non-Gaussian Measures

  • Arseniy Akopyan
  • Roman Karasev
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mathematics book series (LNM, volume 2256)


We study the Gromov waist in the sense of t-neighborhoods for measures in the Euclidean space, motivated by the famous theorem of Gromov about the waist of radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In particular, it turns out possible to extend Gromov’s original result to the case of not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measure. We also provide examples of measures having no t-neighborhood waist property, including a rather wide class of compactly supported radially symmetric measures and their maps into the Euclidean space of dimension at least 2.

We use a simpler form of Gromov’s pancake argument to produce some estimates of t-neighborhoods of (weighted) volume-critical submanifolds in the spirit of the waist theorems, including neighborhoods of algebraic manifolds in the complex projective space.

For reader’s convenience, in one appendix of this paper we provide a more detailed explanation of the Caffarelli theorem that we use to handle not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In the other appendix, we provide a comparison of different variations of Gromov’s pancake method.



The authors thank Alexey Balitskiy, Michael Blank, Alexander Esterov, Sergei Ivanov, Bo’az Klartag, Jan Maas, and the unknown referee for useful discussions, suggestions, and questions.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arseniy Akopyan
    • 1
  • Roman Karasev
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria)KlosterneuburgAustria
  2. 2.Moscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudnyRussia
  3. 3.Institute for Information Transmission Problems RASMoscowRussia

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