The Potential for the Growth of Maritime Transport in Brazil: Focus on Cabotage/Short Sea Shipping
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Brazilian transport matrix has a strong predominance of road transport, approximately 62%. The country has a territorial extension of a continent, with a navigable sea coast of 8.5 thousand kilometers, with 37 public ports, 39 fluvial ports which serve cargo ships that dock in the most significant public ports in the country, and more than 164 terminals for private use (TUPs). The majority of the Brazilian population, approximately 80%, which corresponds to 156 million inhabitants, inhabit up to 200 km from the coast, which would justify even more the use of maritime transport and leave the modal road for small distances and door-to-door deliveries.
The focus of this work is analyzing the products that can be transported by cabotage/short sea shipping between Northern and Southern regions of Brazil and contribute to a more sustainable transport matrix, besides helping to reduce logistics costs, promoting the competitiveness between modals and increasing the use of maritime transport. The study develops a detailed analysis of the current situation of maritime cabotage/short sea shipping, its characteristics, and its logistical bottlenecks. It studies how to use this mode of transport to improve the national logistics of goods movement throughout Brazil.
The use of sustainable transport, with a lower logistic cost, is a challenge that Brazil must face and implant in its transport matrix, and cabotage/short sea shipping is a perfect way to integrate all modes transportation.
KeywordsCabotage/short sea shipping Maritime transportation Sustainable transportation
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