Synthetic Chemicals: Major Component of Plant Disease Management

  • Imran Ul Haq
  • Muhammad Kaleem Sarwar
  • Anjum Faraz
  • Muhammad Zunair Latif
Part of the Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection book series (SUPP, volume 13)


Direct protection using synthetic chemicals is one of the basic principles of plant disease management. Historical perspectives of using chemicals for plant diseases control Include application of effective methods for controlling plant diseases. Fungicides, Bactericides and Nematicides are applied through different methods such foliar, slurry, drench, paste etc.). Fungicides or Fungistatics, can be classified based on mode of action, usage and composition. Limitations of pesticide usage occur in plant disease management, due to health hazards and pesticide impact on the environment. Insurgence of fungicidal resistance in plant pathogens is also a significant threat. Efficacy of chemicals compounds is also affected by climate changes. Recent trends in the development and use of synthetic chemicals (broad spectrum and new chemistry fungicides) in plant disease control Consider a comparison between pesticides and alternative plant disease control methods, fungicide marketing policies and procedures.


Foliar fungicides Synthetic fungicides Viricides Fungicidal resistance 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Imran Ul Haq
    • 1
  • Muhammad Kaleem Sarwar
    • 1
  • Anjum Faraz
    • 1
  • Muhammad Zunair Latif
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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