Precision Agriculture Technologies for Management of Plant Diseases

  • Siva K. Balasundram
  • Kamlesh Golhani
  • Redmond R. Shamshiri
  • Ganesan Vadamalai
Part of the Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection book series (SUPP, volume 13)


Plant diseases contribute 10–16% losses in global harvests each year, costing an estimated US$ 220 billion. Abundant use of chemicals such as bactericides, fungicides, and nematicides to control plant diseases are causing adverse effects to many agroecosystems. Precision plant protection offers a non-destructive means of managing plant diseases based on the concept of spatio-temporal variability. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) allow for assessment of field heterogeneity due to disease problems and can enable site-specific intervention. Similarly, hyperspectral remote sensing is a cutting-edge spectral approach for plant diseases detection. The main aim of precision plant protection is to significantly reduce the injudicious use of chemical inputs and hence the adverse impact of chemicals to the environment. This chapter provides some insights into the deployment of site- and time-specific approaches to manage plant disease problems in a balanced and optimized manner.


Precision agriculture Global positioning systems Geographic information systems Remote sensing Spectroradiometer 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siva K. Balasundram
    • 1
  • Kamlesh Golhani
    • 1
  • Redmond R. Shamshiri
    • 1
  • Ganesan Vadamalai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture TechnologyUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Plant ProtectionUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia

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