Privacy Concerns in Robot Teleoperation: Does Personality Influence What Should Be Hidden?
Advances in robotics technology will bring more teleoperated robots into homes to perform a variety of household tasks. This raises new privacy concerns as the remote operator can control the robot and its camera, and record its sensor data. One way to provide some privacy protection is through on-board processing of the data to filter out sensitive visual information. But what do people want hidden, and how should we hide it? Do the personality traits of a particular user influence that choice?
We designed an 85-question survey to help answer these questions and analyzed the data from 81 respondents. We found that people are most concerned about hiding identifiable personal or financial information and valuables from a household robot, and we found that they prefer stronger filters to hide such items. We also found some evidence of the existence of correlations between a person’s familiarity with technology, sociability, and trust and their privacy concerns.
KeywordsTeleoperation Privacy GenderMag Remote viewing
We would like to thank Abrar Fallatah for her insights and supports.
- 1.Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2013)Google Scholar
- 2.Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary: Merriam-Webster. Inc (2016)Google Scholar
- 3.Acquisti, A., John, L., Loewenstein, G.: What is privacy worth? In: Future of Privacy Forum’s Best “Privacy Papers for Policy Makers" Competition (2010)Google Scholar
- 6.Butler, D., Huang, J., Roesner, F., Cakmak, M.: The privacy-utility tradeoff for remotely teleoperated robots. In: Human-Robot Interaction. ACM, Portland, OR (2015)Google Scholar
- 7.Caine, K., Sabanovic, S., Carter, M.: The effect of monitoring by cameras and robots on the privacy enhancing behaviors of older adults. In: Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 343–350. ACM, March 2012Google Scholar
- 8.Denning, T., Matuszek, C., Koscher, K., Smith, J.R., Kohno, T.: A spotlight on security and privacy risks with future household robots: attacks and lessons. In: Ubiquitous Computing, pp. 105–114. ACM (2009)Google Scholar
- 10.John, L.K., Acquisti, A., Loewenstein, G.: The best of strangers: Context dependent willingness to divulge personal information (2009)Google Scholar
- 11.Klow, J., Proby, J., Rueben, M., Sowell, R.T., Grimm, C.M., Smart, W.D.: Privacy, utility, and cognitive load in remote presence systems. In: Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 167–168. ACM (2017)Google Scholar
- 12.Krupp, M.M., Rueben, M., Grimm, C.M., Smart, W.D.: A focus group study of privacy concerns about telepresence robots. In: Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 1451–1458, August 2017Google Scholar
- 13.Lee, M.K., Takayama, L.: “Now, i have a body”: uses and social norms for mobile remote presence in the workplace. In: SIGCHI, pp. 33–42. ACM (2011)Google Scholar
- 16.Rueben, M., Bernieri, F.J., Grimm, C.M., Smart, W.D.: Framing effects on privacy concerns about a home telepresence robot. In: Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 435–444. ACM (2017)Google Scholar
- 17.Rueben, M., Grimm, C.M., Bernieri, F.J., Smart, W.D.: A taxonomy of privacy constructs for privacy-sensitive robotics. CoRR abs/1701.00841 (2017)Google Scholar
- 18.Showkat, D., Grimm, C.: Identifying gender differences in information processing style, self-efficacy, and tinkering for robot tele-operation. In: Ubiquitous Robots, pp. 443–448, June 2018Google Scholar
- 19.Syrdal, D.S., Walters, M.L., Otero, N., Koay, K.L., Dautenhahn, K.: “He knows when you are sleeping" : Privacy and the personal robot companion (2007)Google Scholar
- 20.Westin, A.F.: Privacy and Freedom. Athenaeum, New York (1967)Google Scholar