Descriptive Models

  • Annikki MäkeläEmail author
  • Harry T. ValentineEmail author


The topics discussed in this chapter span two centuries of modelling effort. We begin with sections that deal with some mathematical details of descriptive growth models of whole trees, then move to saturating functions and numerical switches that will prove useful in later chapters. We end the chapter with a simple empirical model of crown dynamics and stand density that makes use of some of the earlier material.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.USDA Forest ResearchDurhamUSA

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