Behavioral Observations

  • Paul J. Frick
  • Christopher T. Barry
  • Randy W. Kamphaus


The current chapter provides guidance on the use of behavioral observations in the clinical assessment of children and adolescents. The chapter provides a discussion of some advantages and disadvantages of direct observations of the child’s behavior in clinical assessments. It summarizes some of the basic components of observational systems and provides examples of observational systems that might be used as part of a clinical assessment of children and adolescents. Practical guidelines for using direct observations in clinical assessments are provided.


Direct observation Naturalistic observation Reactivity Time sampling Self-monitoring 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul J. Frick
    • 1
  • Christopher T. Barry
    • 2
  • Randy W. Kamphaus
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.College of EducationUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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