Measurement Issues

  • Paul J. Frick
  • Christopher T. Barry
  • Randy W. Kamphaus


This chapter discusses the major psychometric and measurement issues involved in evaluating and using psychological tests. These issues include normal and skewed distributions; the use of norm-referenced scores such as T-scores; the use of factor analysis in measurement development; and different forms of reliability and validity. Although these topics are commonly referenced in empirical research on measurement development and individual differences, they deserve attention in clinical practice as well. To this end, the chapter closes with a brief discussion of utility as it applies to the selection and implementation of psychological tests in clinical assessment.


Personality tests Score distributions Reliability Validity Utility 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul J. Frick
    • 1
  • Christopher T. Barry
    • 2
  • Randy W. Kamphaus
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.College of EducationUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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