Advertisement

Mistakes, Errors, and Failures in the Cultural Context of Aging

  • Sofia von Humboldt
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

The increase of longevity of and within the older global population itself is incrementing the proportion of older adults. Looking at the worldwide diversity in population aging implies that this concept is seen through different cultural presuppositions.

Although an incidence on the role of culture in aging is not novel, different cultural interactions strengthen the pertinence of exploring mistakes, errors, and failures in the cultural context of aging well.

Diverse aging perceptions in different cultures influence the use of that information to build accurate culturally sensitive measures. Moreover, an appropriate response to distortions and conventions in communication with cross-cultural older adults in policy interventions and an awareness of possible drawbacks in the interpretation of the outcomes point out relevant innate challenges when working cross-culturally in old age. Cultural concerns concerning the communicative style, emotional states, awareness of the intervention format, and the local hierarchy of values (e.g., socially desirable viewpoints) may invalidate research and policy interventions among older populations. The present chapter discusses mistakes, errors, and failures in the cultural context of research, policy, and interventions in old age. The chapter will conclude with a discussion of future suggestions for research and policy interventions.

Keywords

Mistakes Errors Failures Interventions Mistakes Policy Older adults Research 

References

  1. Botelho, L., & Thane, P. (2001). Women and ageing in British society since 1500. London: Longmans. doi:  https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315839868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boudiny, K. (2013). Active ageing: From empty rhetoric to effective policy tool. Ageing and Society, 33, 1077–1098. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X1200030XCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowling, B. (2009). Transnational policing: The globalization thesis, a typology and a research agenda. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(2), 149–160. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/police/pap001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buckwalter, K. C. (2009). Recruitment of older adults: An ongoing challenge. Research in gerontological nursing, 2(4), 265–266. doi:  https://doi.org/10.3928/19404921-20090816-01CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Danyuthasilpe, C., Amnatsatsue, K., Tanasugarn, C., & Kerdmongkol, P. (2009). Ways of healthy aging: A case study of elderly people in a northern Thai village. Health Promotion International, 24, 394–403. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap038CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dennis, B. P., & Neese, J. B. (2000). Recruitment and retention of African American elders into community-based research: lessons learned. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 14(1), 3–11. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9417(00)80003-5CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (2000). Measuring subjective well-being to compare the quality of life of cultures. In E. Diener & E. M. Suh (Eds.), Culture and subjective well-being (pp. 3–12). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. doi:  https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/2242.003.0004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Smith, H., & Shao, L. (1995). National differences in reported subjective well-being: Why do they occur? Social Indicators Research, 38, 247–280. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01078966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Draper, P. (2007). Conducting cross-cultural research in teams and the search for the “culture proof” variable. Menopause, 14, 680–687. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e3180986289CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Eakin, E. G., Bull, S. S., Riley, K., Reeves, M. M., Gutierrez, S., & McLaughlin, P. (2006). Recruitment and retention of Latinos in a primary care-based physical activity and diet trial: The Resources for Health study. Health education research, 22(3), 361–371. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cy1095CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Gonzalez, E. W., Gardner, E. M., & Murasko, D. (2007). Recruitment and retention of older adults in influenza immunization study. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 14(2), 81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hilton, J. M., Gonzales, C. A., Saleh, M., Maitoza, R., & Anngela-Cole, L. (2012). Perceptions of successful aging among older Latinos, in cross-cultural context. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 27, 183–199. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10823-012-9171-4CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Iwamasa, G. Y., & Iwasaki, M. (2011). A new multidimensional model of successful aging: Perceptions of Japanese American older adults. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 26, 261–278. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10823-011-9147-9CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Jaul, E., & Barron, J. (2017). Age-Related Diseases and Clinical and Public Health Implications for the 85 Years Old and Over Population. Frontiers in public health, 5, 335. doi:  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00335CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Ji, L., Nisbett, R. E., & Su, Y. (2001). Culture, change, and prediction. Psychological Science, 12, 450–456. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.00384CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kan, C., Karasawa, M., & Kitayama, S. (2009). Minimalist in style: Self, identify, and well-being in Japan. Self and Identity, 8(2), 300–317. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1080/15298860802505244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kitayama, S., Markus, H. R., & Kurokawa, M. (2000). Culture, emotion, and well-being: Good feelings in Japan and the United States. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 93–124. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300379003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Krosnick, J. A., Villar, A., & MacInnis, B. (2011). Do introductory sentences cause acquiescence response bias in survey questions? Stanford, CA: Woods Institute for the Environment.Google Scholar
  19. Kunkel, S. R., & Morgan, L. A. (2015). Aging, society, and the life course. Springer Publishing Company. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1891/9780826121738Google Scholar
  20. Levkoff, S., & Sanchez, H. (2003). Lessons learned about minority recruitment and retention from the Centers on Minority Aging and Health Promotion. The Gerontologist, 43(1), 18-26. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/43.1.18CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lewis, J. P. (2011). Successful aging through the eyes of Alaska Native elders. What it means to be an elder in Bristol Bay, AK. The Gerontologist, 51, 540–549. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnr006CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Li, A., Bagger, J., & Friske, W. (2013). Social desirability in the selection process: New insights from a novel context. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 51(1), 45. doi: org/10.1111/j.1744-7941.2012.00032.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liang, J., & Luo, B. (2012). Toward a discourse shift in social gerontology: From successful aging to harmonious aging. Journal of Aging Studies, 26, 327–334. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2012.03.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lloyd, L., Tanner, D., Milne, A., Ray, M., Richards, S., Sullivan, M., … Phillips, J. (2013). Look after yourself: Active ageing, individual responsibility and the decline of social work with older people in the UK. European Journal of Social Work. Advance online publication. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1080/13691457.2013.829805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.98.2.224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martin, W. C., Engelland, B. T., & Collier, J. E. (2011). Assessing the impact of acquiescence response bias on marketing data. Marketing Management Journal, 21(1), 31–46.Google Scholar
  27. Mody, L., Miller, D. K., McGloin, J. M., Freeman, M., Marcantonio, E. R., Magaziner, J., & Studenski, S. (2008). Recruitment and Retention of Older Adults in Aging Research: (See editorial comments by Dr. Stephanie Studenski, pp 2351–2352). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(12), 2340–2348. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.02015.xCrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Moum, T. (1988). Yea-saying and mood-of-the-day effects in self-reported quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 20, 117–139. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00302458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  30. Perkinson, M. A., & Solimeo, S. M. (2013). Aging in cultural context and as narrative process: Conceptual foundations of the anthropology of aging as reflected in the works of Margaret Phelan, E. A., Anderson, L. A., Lacroix, A. Z., & Larson, E. B. (2004). Older adults’ views of “successful aging”: How do they compare with researchers’ definitions? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52, 211–216. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52056.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Peterson, E. D., Alexander, K. P., Malenka, D. J., Hannan, E. L., O’conner, G. T., McCallister, B. D., … & American Heart Association Chronic CAD Working Group. (2004). Multicenter experience in revascularization of very elderly patients. American heart journal, 148(3), 486–492. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2004.03.039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.88.5.879CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Potter, J., & Hepburn, A. (2005). Qualitative interviews in psychology: Problems and possibilities. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 2, 281–307. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445607075348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Saris, W. E., Revilla, M., & Krosnick, J. A. (2010). Comparing questions with agree/disagree response options to questions with item-specific response options. Survey Research Methods, 4, 61–79.Google Scholar
  35. Saunders, S. D., Greaney, M. L., Lees, F. D., & Clark, P. G. (2003). Achieving recruitment goals through community partnerships: The SENIOR Project. Family & Community Health, 26(3), 194–202. doi: 10.1097/00003727-200307000-00004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schrauf, R. W., & Sanchez, J. (2008). Using freelisting to identify, assess, and characterize age differences in shared cultural dimensions. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63B, 385–392. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/63.6.s385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shearer, N. B. C., Fleury, J. D., & Belyea, M. (2010). An innovative approach to recruiting homebound older adults. Research in gerontological nursing, 3(1), 11–18. doi:  https://doi.org/10.3928/19404921-20091029-01CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Sperlinger, D., Clare, L., Bradbury, N., & Culverwell, A. (2004). Measuring psychosocial treatment outcomes with older people. Leicester, UK: The British Psychological Society.Google Scholar
  39. Stahl, S. M., & Vasquez, L. (2004). Approaches to improving recruitment and retention of minority elders participating in research. Journal of Aging and Health, 16(5_suppl), 9S–17S. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264304268146CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Stavenuiter, M., & Bijsterveld, K. (2000). Images and self-images of elderly women in the past. Journal of Family History, 25(2), 179–247.Google Scholar
  41. Stones, M. J. (1977). A further study of response set and the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI). Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(1), 147–150. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(197701)33:1+<147::aid-jclp2270330130>3.0.co;2-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Suh, E. M. (2002). Culture, identity consistency, and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1378–1391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tarlow, B. A., & Mahoney, D. F. (2000). The cost of recruiting Alzheimer’s disease caregivers for research. Journal of Aging and Health, 12(4), 490–510. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1177/089826430001200403CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Uchida, Y., & Kitayama, S. (2009). Happiness and unhappiness in East and West: Themes and variations. Emotion, 9, 441–456. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015634CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V., & Kitayama, S. (2004). Cultural constructions of happiness: Theory and empirical evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5(3), 223–239. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-004-8785-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. UyBico, S. J., Pavel, S., & Gross, C. P. (2007). Recruiting vulnerable populations into research: a systematic review of recruitment interventions. Journal of general internal medicine, 22(6), 852–863. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0126-3CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  47. Vannette, D. L., & Krosnick, J. A. (2014). Answering questions. A comparison of survey satisficing and mindlessness. In A. Le, C. T. Ngnoumen, & E. J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley Blackwell handbook of mindfulness (Vol. I, pp. 312–327). New York: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Vaportzis, E., Giatsi Clausen, M., & Gow, A. J. (2017). Older adults perceptions of technology and barriers to interacting with tablet computers: A focus group study. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 1687. doi:  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01687CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Veenhoven, R. (1993). Happiness in nations: Subjective appreciation of life in 56 nations 1946–1992. Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Erasmus University Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  50. Veenhoven, R. (1996). Developments in satisfaction research. Social Indicators Research, 37, 1–46. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00300268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. von Humboldt, S. (2016). Conceptual and methodological issues on the adjustment to aging: Perspectives on aging well. New York, NY: Springer. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7576-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. von Humboldt, S., & Leal, I. (2014). Adjustment to aging in old adulthood: A systematic review. International Journal of Gerontology, 8(5), 108–113.doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijge.2014.03.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. von Humboldt, S., & Leal, I. (2015). The old and the oldest old: Do they have different perspectives n adjustment to aging? International Journal of Gerontology, 9(3), 156–160. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijge.2015.04.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. von Humboldt, S., Leal, I., & Pimenta, F. (2012). Assessing subjective age and adjustment to aging in a Portuguese and German older population: A comparative multiple correspondence analysis. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 4(2), 141–153. doi:  https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v4n2p141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. von Humboldt, S., Leal, I., & Pimenta, F. (2013a). Analyzing adjustment to aging and subjective age from Angolan and Portuguese community-dwelling older adults’ perspectives. International Journal of Gerontology, 27(4), 209–215. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijge.2013.05.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. von Humboldt, S., Leal, I., Pimenta, F., & Maroco, J. (2013b). Assessing adjustment to aging: A validation study for the Adjustment to Aging Scale (AtAS). Social Indicators Research, 119 (1), 455–472. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013-0482-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. von Humboldt, S., Leal, I., Pimenta, F., & Niculescu, G. (2013c). In the eyes of older adults: Self Reported age and adjustment in African and European older adults. Health SA Gesondheid, 18 (1), 712–722. doi:  https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v18i1.712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Walker, A. (2002). A strategy for active ageing. International Social Security Review, 55, 121–139. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-246X.00118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Walker, A., & Foster, L. (2013). Active ageing: Rhetoric, theory and practice. In R. Ervic & T. Skogedal Linden (Eds.), The making of aging policy: Theory and practice in Europe (pp. 27–53). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. doi:  https://doi.org/10.4337/9781781952481.00009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Walker, A., & Maltby, T. (2012). Active Ageing: A strategic policy solution to demographic ageing in the European Union. International Journal of Social Welfare, 17, 117–130. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2012.00871.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wild, K. V., Mattek, N. C., Maxwell, S. A., Dodge, H. H., Jimison, H. B., & Kaye, J. A. (2012). Computer-related self-efficacy and anxiety in older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 8(6), 544–552. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2011.12.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yancey, A. K., Ortega, A. N., & Kumanyika, S. K. (2006). Effective recruitment and retention of minority research participants. Annual Review of Public Health, 27, 1–28. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102113CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofia von Humboldt
    • 1
  1. 1.William James Research CenterISPA – Instituto UniversitárioAlmadaPortugal

Personalised recommendations