Advertisement

Assessment of BEVs Use in Urban Environment

  • Ewelina Sendek-MatysiakEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1091)

Abstract

Transport accounts for almost a quarter of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions and is the main contributor to air pollution in cities. Moreover, it is one of the most important noise sources shaping the acoustic climate in urban areas. For this reason, there have been actions implemented in the European Union for years now aimed at improving air quality, with a view to meeting by 2030 standards at the levels set by the WHO. One of them, which is to significantly reduce the environmental burden generated by road transport, is the replacement of conventionally powered cars with pure electric BEVs (Battery Electric Vehicle). This paper, basing on comparison of cars with different types of propulsion (gasoline, diesel, electric and plug-in hybrid engines), evaluates which of them is currently the most beneficial to use in the city in environmental, technical and economic terms. The analysis was carried out for two situations:
  1. (1)

    total emissions from the production of fuel, manufacture of the vehicle and its use,

     
  2. (2)

    vehicle emissions during its use

    using one of the multi-criteria optimization methods – the point method.

     

Keywords

Electromobility Noise Point method BEV 

References

  1. 1.
    2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects, United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html
  2. 2.
    Together towards a competitive and resource efficient urban mobility, COM (2013). Report from the commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the RegionsGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ecology in car fleets. Ministry of the Environment, Energy Saving Trust - Leaseplan.plGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ambient air pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease, WHO. https://www.who.int/phe/publications/air-pollution-global-assessment
  5. 5.
    Air quality in Europe – 2017 report, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/air-quality-in-europe-2017
  6. 6.
    European Commission press release of 16 November 2017. http://europa.eu/rapid/search.html
  7. 7.
    Signals 2016 - Towards clean and smart mobility, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/signals-2016
  8. 8.
    Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from medium-sized combustion plants SWD (2013) 532 final of 18/12/2013. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/
  9. 9.
    Outdoor air quality in urban areas, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/airs/2018/environment-and-health/outdoor-air-quality-urban-areas
  10. 10.
    Data and statistics, World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-ealth/ noise/data-and-statistics
  11. 11.
    Date and Maps, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps
  12. 12.
    Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of the Environmental Noise Directive in accordance with Article 11 of Directive 2002/49/EC. COM (2011) 321 final, European Commission, Brussels (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Emissions of the main air pollutants in Europe, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/main-anthropogenic-air-pollutant-emissions/assessment-4
  14. 14.
    Nürnberg, M., Iwan, S.: Perspektywy stosowania samochodów elektrycznych w logistyce miejskiej na przykładzie realizacji usług kurierskich. http://www.ptzp.org.pl/files/konferencje/kzz/artyk_pdf_2018/T2/2018_t2_054.pdf
  15. 15.
    Electric vehicles in Europe, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/electric-vehicles-in-europe
  16. 16.
    Łebkowski, A.: Samochody elektryczne - dźwięk ciszy. Maszyny Elektryczne - Zeszyty Problemowe, 1 (2016)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Adderly, S.A., Manukian, D., Sullivan, T.D., Son, M.: Electric vehicles and natural disaster policy implications. Energy Policy 112, 437–448 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Barisa, A., Rosa, M., Kisele, A.: Introducing electric mobility in Latvian municipalities: results of a survey. Energy Proc. 95, 50–57 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Egbue, O., Long, S.: Barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles: an analysis of consumer attitudes and perceptions. Energy Policy 48, 717–729 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sovacool, B.K., Hirsh, R.F.: Beyond batteries: an examination of the benefits and barriers to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) transition. Energy Policy 37, 1095–1103 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang, Y., Yu, Y., Zou, B.: Analyzing public awareness and acceptance of alternative fuel vehicles in China: the case of EV. Energy Policy 39, 7015–7024 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    INFO-EKSPERT Computer system - valuation of carsGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Haddadian, G., Khodayar, M., Shahidehpour, M.: Accelerating the global adoption of electric vehicles: barriers and drivers. Electr. J. 28(10), 53–68 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Turrentine, T.S., Kurani, K.S.: Car buyers and fuel economy? Energy Policy 35, 1213–1223 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Krause, R.M., Carley, S.R., Lane, B.W., Graham, J.D.: Perception and reality: public knowledge of plug-in electric vehicles in 21 U.S. cities. Energy Policy 63, 433–440 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
    Sendek-Matysiak, E.: Analysis of the electromobility performance in Poland and proposed incentives for its development. In: 2018 XI International Science-technical Conference Automotive Safety (2018). https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8373338/
  29. 29.
    The Car Interior Noise Level Comparison site - Auto innengeräusch vergleich. http://www.auto-decibel-db.com/index_kmh.html
  30. 30.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechatronics and Machine ConstructionKielce University of TechnologyKielcePoland

Personalised recommendations