Microaggressions, Stereotypes, and Social Stigmatization in the Lived Experiences of Socially Marginalized Patients/Clients: A Social Justice Perspective

  • Marilyn Y. ByrdEmail author
  • Jasmine T. Austin


Mental health practitioners have an ethical and moral responsibility to practice social justice principles in their work with their socially marginalized patients/clients. Using a social justice lens, this chapter will bring awareness of social injustice in the form of microaggressions, stereotypes, and social stigmatization experienced by socially marginalized patients/clients in interactions with their healthcare practitioners. The lack of practitioner cultural competence is discussed as a possible contributor to the unjust treatment that patients/clients experience. A philosophical and moral framework will be used to problematize the biases of practitioners who enact these behaviors in interactions with their clients. Social justice education will be suggested as a curriculum-based or professional development-based means to expose and modify unjust behaviors and attitudes.


Microaggression Stereotypes Social stigmatization Social justice 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human RelationsUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Communication StudiesTexas State UniversitySan MarcosUSA

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