An Entrepreneurial Case Study from Australia

Should I Work for Myself or Someone Else? An Entrepreneurial Case Study from Australia
  • Marthin NanereEmail author
  • Elaine Plant
  • Philip Trebilcock
  • Marcus Pattinama
  • Mokhamad Arwani
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


Scholars have long sought to address the challenging question as to why some individuals start their own business and engage in entrepreneurship, while others do not. Yet it is this entrepreneurship that plays a vital part in social and economic development. It is not surprising then that research has focused on determining what leads to entrepreneurial intention. This article explores why some intend to become entrepreneurs, while others are reluctant. Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behaviour was employed in order to decipher the intentional behaviours. A convenient sample of 467 university students were surveyed. Findings suggest (not surprisingly) that business students have a higher propensity to create their own businesses than do non-business students. Males are more likely to create their own business, as do international students. Using Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modelling, findings indicate that behavioural, normative and perceived control beliefs have a significant positive effect on the intention to become an entrepreneur. Perceived Control Beliefs have the highest impact on intention, followed by Behavioural Beliefs and Normative Beliefs, respectively. Some practical implications and directions for future research are discussed.


Entrepreneurship Theory of Planned Behaviour Behavioural belief Normative belief Perceived control beliefs 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marthin Nanere
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elaine Plant
    • 1
  • Philip Trebilcock
    • 1
  • Marcus Pattinama
    • 2
  • Mokhamad Arwani
    • 3
  1. 1.School of BusinessLa Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia
  2. 2.Universitas PattimuraAmbonIndonesia
  3. 3.Universitas Muria KudusKudusIndonesia

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