What We Know About the Greenability of Reality Technologies: A Systematic Literature Review

  • Alireza Khakpour
  • Mary Sánchez-GordónEmail author
  • Ricardo Colomo-Palacios
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


Information Technology (IT) is crucial for many innovations in products, services, and processes around the globe. However, IT is growing in importance in the share of energy consumption in the world. As a reaction to this negative effect, the so-called Green IT movement emerged. This field of study is aimed to reduce IT-related energy consumption and overall IT environmental impact including a variety of aspects like power consumption, lower carbon emissions and their environmental impact. One of the leading technologies in the IT arena is Reality technologies including Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Mixed Reality (MR). These technologies have impacted sectors like Real Estate, Education, Healthcare, Marketing, Travel and Manufacturing, citing just some of the most relevant application areas. Taking into account the importance of these technologies and the expected impact in the future, authors conducted a systematic literature review devoted to investigate their “greenability”. Authors are aware of the importance of the topic and aim to identify, evaluate, and synthesize research published concerning aspects like energy consumption and eco-effectiveness of main reality technologies. By searching five major bibliographic databases, 5596 articles related to the topic were identified and 49 of these papers were selected as primary studies.


Sustainability Greenability Eco-effectiveness Eco-friendly Virtual reality Augmented reality Mixed reality 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alireza Khakpour
    • 1
  • Mary Sánchez-Gordón
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo Colomo-Palacios
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer SciencesØstfold University CollegeHaldenNorway

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