Natural Fiber Welding

  • Luke M. HaverhalsEmail author
  • David P. Durkin
  • Paul C. Trulove
Part of the Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology book series (GCST)


Ionic liquid-based (IL-based) manufacturing has the potential to revolutionize the materials industry and disrupt overdependence on petroleum-based plastics. Nature provides amazing materials at large scale; however, scalable techniques to mold and shape biomaterials have not existed at scale. Natural Fiber Welding, Inc. (NFW) has developed commercially viable processes and patent-protected materials that are scalable to meet modern challenges while reducing pollution and emissions. This chapter discusses a number of demonstrations that are being scaled for global markets as well as reviews several examples of new functionalities that can be achieved. Practical applications that create composites from waste textiles and new indigo dye processes are discussed. Examples of “exotic” materials that perform catalytic waste-water treatment and wearable energy storage are also reviewed. In all cases, NFW is able to make natural materials, such as cotton and silk, perform in new and unexpected ways. Prospects for scaling commercial applications are also discussed. With economically viable methods to reclaim, recycle, and reuse IL-based solvents, the future looks extremely bright. In the near future, industry-relevant complex natural composites will be produced at cost points that compete with incumbent synthetic plastics. This new way of manufacturing has significant potential to reduce emissions, eliminate pollution, and bring new circularity into, for example, the textile industry.


Biodegradable Biomass Cotton Natural composites Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luke M. Haverhals
    • 1
    Email author
  • David P. Durkin
    • 2
  • Paul C. Trulove
    • 2
  1. 1.Natural Fiber Welding, Inc.PeoriaUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUnited States Naval AcademyAnnapolisUSA

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