Commercial Aspects of Biomass Deconstruction with Ionic Liquids

  • Aida R. Abouelela
  • Florence V. Gschwend
  • Francisco Malaret
  • Jason P. HallettEmail author
Part of the Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology book series (GCST)


The adaption of any new process from academic research to industrial-scale requires a robust economic profile demonstrating it can compete with peer technologies. IonoSolv process is a recently developed ionic liquid-based pretreatment that pioneers the use of low-cost ionic liquids for biomass fractionation. The use of low-cost protic ionic liquids elevated the techno-economic profile of the process, making its potential commercialization highly viable. In this chapter, the authors give an overview of key process-related aspects that underpinned this transformation, with special highlights on the progressive milestones achieved in developing a promising commercial ionic liquid-based pretreatment process. We also highlight the current challenges and knowledge gaps that need to be tackled to further elevate the technology readiness level.


Biomass deconstruction Biorefinery Cellulose Delignification ionoSolv 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aida R. Abouelela
    • 1
  • Florence V. Gschwend
    • 1
  • Francisco Malaret
    • 1
  • Jason P. Hallett
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK

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