Advertisement

Global Policy Making

  • Robert G. PicardEmail author
Chapter
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Global Media Policy and Business book series (GMPB)

Abstract

This chapter explores why and how transnational policy is made, examines structures and processes employed in making transnational policy, describes the roles of bilateral and multinational agreements and treaties, and discusses issues of national sovereignty in international policy making. It examines the policy processes of multinational organizations such as the International Telecommunications Union, World Intellectual Property Organization and World Trade Organization in providing international policy for activities such as telegraph, telephony, wireless, broadcasting, satellite and internet operations and in creating mechanisms to internationalize copyright and govern media and communication trade. It explores nongovernmental global governance and how varying national interests and priorities affect international policy making.

Bibliography

  1. Allison, Audrey L. 2014. The ITU and Managing Satellite Orbital and Spectrum Resources in the 21st Century. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aust, Anthony. 2014. Modern Treaty Law and Practice. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Biersteker, Thomas J., and Cynthia Weber, eds. 1996. State Sovereignty as a Social Construct. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Braman, Sandra, ed. 2006. The Emergent Global Information Policy Regime. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Castells, Manuel. 2008. The New Public Sphere: Global Civil Society, Communication Networks, and Global Governance. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 616 (1): 78–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cave, Martin, and William Webb. 2016. Spectrum Management: Using the Airwaves for Maximum Social and Economic Benefit. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Codding, George A., Jr. 1964. The Universal Postal Union: Coordinator of the International Mails. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Codding, George A., Jr., and Anthony M. Rutkowski. 1982. The International Telecommunication Union in a Changing World. Boston: Artech House.Google Scholar
  9. Commission for Communications Regulation and Ofcom, Band IV/V Bilateral Co-ordination Agreement Between the Administrations of Ireland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, June 2012. http://static.ofcom.org.uk/static/broadcasting/Web_Ireland_United%20Kingdom%20800MHz%20DTT%20Clearance%20Agreement_06July12.pdf. Accessed 11 Nov 2018.
  10. Crawford, James. 2012. Brownlie’s Principles of Public International Law. 8th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elman, Miriam Fendius. 1995. The Foreign Policies of Small States: Challenging Neorealism in Its Own Backyard. British Journal of Political Science 25 (2): 171–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Flew, Terry, Petros Iosifidis, and Jeanette Steemers, eds. 2016. Global Media and National Policies: The Return of the State. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  13. Frederking, Brian, and Paul F. Diehl, eds. 2015. The Politics of Global Governance: International Organizations in an Interdependent World. 5th ed. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Geradín, Damien, and David Luff, eds. 2004. The WTO and Global Convergence in Telecommunications and Audio-Visual Services. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Glenn, Carol M. 2017. Controlling Cyberspace: The Politics of Internet Governance and Regulation. Santa Barbara: Praeger.Google Scholar
  16. Graz, Jean-Christophe, and Andreas Nölke, eds. 2008. Transnational Private Governance and Its Limits. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Hall, Rodney B., and Thomas J. Biersteker, eds. 2002. The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Harrington, Alexandria. 2018. International Organizations and the Law. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Haufler, Virginia. 2013. A Public Role for the Private Sector: Industry Self-Regulation in a Global Economy. New York: Carnegie Endowment for World Peace.Google Scholar
  20. Hill, Richard. 2014. The New International Telecommunication Regulations and the Internet: A Commentary and Legislative History. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hoekman, Bernard M., and Petros C. Mavroidis. 2015. World Trade Organization (WTO): Law, Economics, and Politics. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hofbauer, Jane A. 2016. Sovereignty in the Exercise of the Right to Self-Determination. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  23. Hollis, Duncan B. 2014. The Oxford Guide to Treaties. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Holsti, K.J. 2004. Taming the Sovereigns: Institutional Change in International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Iosifidis, Petros. 2011. Global Media and Communication Policy: An International Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. John, Richard R. 2015. Projecting Power Oversees: U.S. Postal Policy and International Standards Setting at the 1863 Paris Postal Conference. Journal of Policy History 27 (3): 416–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Karns, Margaret P., Karen A. Mingst, and Kendall W. Stiles. 2015. International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. 3rd ed. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  28. Keohane, Robert O. 1969. Lilliputians’ Dilemmas: Small States in International Politics. International Organization 23 (2): 291–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Klein, Hans. 2002. ICANN and Internet Governance: Leveraging Technical Coordination to Realize Global Public Policy. The Information Society: An International Journal 18 (3): 193–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kleinwächter, Wolfgang. 2000. ICANN Between Technical Mandate and Political Challenges. Telecommunications Policy 24 (6–7): 553–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kreijen, Gerald, ed. 2002. State, Sovereignty, and International Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Kwakwa, Edward. 2006. Institutional and Procedural Reform at the World Intellectual Property Organization. International Organizations Law Review 3 (1): 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lyall, Francis. 2016. International Communications: The International Telecommunication Union and the Universal Postal Union. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lyons, Gene M., and Michael Mastanduno, eds. 1995. Beyond Westphalia?: National Sovereignty and International Intervention. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Mansell, Robin, and Marc Raboy, eds. 2014. The Handbook of Global Media and Communication Policy. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  36. Matthews, Duncan. 2003. Globalizing Intellectual Property Rights: The TRIPS Agreement. London: Taylor & Francis.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. May, Christopher. 2006. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO): Resurgence and Development Agenda. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 2009. The Global Political Economy of Intellectual Property Rights: The New Enclosures. 2nd ed. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  39. Mazar (Madjar), Haim. 2016. Radio Spectrum Management: Policies. In Regulations and Techniques. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  40. McLaughlin, Lisa, and Victor Pickard. 2005. What Is Bottom-Up About Internet Governance? Global Media and Communication 1 (3): 357–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mikler, John. 2018. The Political Power of Global Corporations. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  42. Mueller, Milton L., Brenden N. Kuerbis, and Christiane Pagé. 2007. Democratizing Global Communication? Global Civil Society and the Campaign for Communication Rights in the Information Society. International Journal of Communication 1 (1): 267–296.Google Scholar
  43. Musiani, Francesca, Derrick L. Cogburn, Laura DeNardis, and Nanette S. Levinson, eds. 2015. The Turn to Infrastructure in Internet Governance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  44. Ó Siochrú, Sean, Bruce Girard, and Amy Mahan. 2002. Global Media Governance: A Beginner’s Guide. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  45. Panke, Diana. 2012. Small States in Multilateral Negotiations. What Have We Learned? Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (3): 387–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Pauwels, Caroline, and Jan Loisen. 2003. The WTO and the Audiovisual Sector: Economic Free Trade or Cultural Horse Trading. European Journal of Communication 18 (3): 291–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Picard, Robert G., Charles Davis, Franco Papandrea, and Sora Park. 2016. Platform Proliferation and Its Implications for Domestic Content Policies. Telematics and Informatics 33: 683–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Price, Monroe. 2002. Media and Sovereignty: The Global Information Revolution and Its Challenge to State Power. Boston: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Raboy, Marc, and Claudia Padovani. 2010. Mapping Global Media Policy: Concepts, Frameworks, Methods. Communication, Culture & Critique 3 (2): 150–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Rothstein, Robert L. 1968. Alliances and Small Powers. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Ryan, Patrick S. 2005. European Spectrum Management Principles. Journal of Computer and Information Law 23: 277–324.Google Scholar
  52. Sarooshi, Dan. 2005. International Organizations and Their Exercise of Sovereign Powers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Shaw, Malcolm M. 2017. International Law. 8th ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. van den Bossche, Peter, and Werner Zdouc. 2013. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Vital, David. 1967. The Inequality of States: A Study of Small Power in International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Walsh, Tim. 2000. Globalization, Posts, and the Universal Postal Union: A Functional Critique. In Current Directions in Postal Reform, ed. Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, 483–506. Boston: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Weber, Rolf H. 2009. Shaping Internet Governance: Regulatory Challenges. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  58. Winseck, Dwayne. 2002. The WTO, Emerging Policy Regimes and the Political Economy of Transnational Communications. In Global Media Policy in the New Millennium, ed. Marc Raboy, 19–38. Luton: University of Luton Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Readings

  1. Hoekman, Bernard M., and Petros C. Mavroidis. 2015. World Trade Organization (WTO): Law, Economics, and Politics. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Iosifidis, Petros. 2011. Global Media and Communication Policy: An International Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  3. Ó Siochrú, Sean, Bruce Girard, and Amy Mahan. 2002. Global Media Governance: A Beginner’s Guide. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  4. Raboy, Marc, and Claudia Padovani. 2010. Mapping Global Media Policy: Concepts, Frameworks, Methods. Communication, Culture & Critique 3 (2): 150–169.Google Scholar
  1. Puppis, Manuel. 2009. Media Regulation in Small States. International Communication Gazette 71 (1–2): 7–17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reuters InstituteUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations