• Edoardo CaliaEmail author
  • Davide D’Aprile


The fourth industrial revolution is already showing its disruptive potential in many fields, primarily in the manufacturing, logistics and energy sectors. It is expected to revolutionize production processes, business models and IT infrastructures: eventually, the supply chain will turn into more efficient, adaptable and scalable workflows, ultimately driven by a nearly real-time and utterly bespoke demand of new or enhanced products and services. Science is already supporting this transformation, mostly through its recent developments in AI, finally resulting in an exponential availability of approaches, methods and tools to support and boost it. An ever increasing availability of data, coming from different sources, generated by humans and machines are being fruitfully integrated and will ignite the Industry4.0 paradigm. Machines will be smarter, they will make decisions and trade resources and services using virtual currencies in the emerging framework of the Machine Economy.


Industry4.0 Digital manufacturing Digital identity Decentralized value chain Artificial intelligence 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Links FoundationTorinoItaly
  2. 2.World Green Economy OrganizationDubaiUAE

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