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Essential Tremor: Deep Brain Stimulation

  • Adela WuEmail author
  • Casey Halpern
Chapter
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Comprising of axial and/or kinetic tremors, essential tremor (ET) is a debilitating and common movement disorder that negatively affects up to 1% of the global population. When patients fail medical therapy, deep brain stimulation (DBS) is one of the current standards of care for medically refractory ET treatment. Using stereotactic methods, surgeons may stimulate the ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (VIM) and novel targets, such as the posterior subthalamic area and the zona incerta, with long-term benefits and significant tremor reduction. Other alternatives include stereotactic radiosurgery and MRI-guided focused ultrasound (FUS).

Keywords

Essential tremor Movement disorder Deep brain stimulation (DBS) Stereotactic Ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (VIM) Posterior subthalamic area (PSA) Zona incerta Focused ultrasound (FUS) Thalamotomy Radiosurgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryStanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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